Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of quantitative and qualitative quality scores for selected articles

From: Influence of mhealth interventions on gender relations in developing countries: a systematic literature review

Quantitative studies (N= 6) Number of articles % Total studies
1 – Longitudinal/prospective design 5 83.3
2 – Pre-post measure of outcome(s) of interest 2 33.3
3 – Use of control or comparison group 1 16.7
4 – Comparison group selected from similar population with regard to pre-intervention outcomes or socio-demographics 1 16.7
5 – Sample size justified 2 33.3
6 – Random assignment of individuals to intervention 0 0
7 – Outcome of interest measured objectively and systematically 6 100
8 – Response or follow-up rate of more than 80% 3 50
9 – Use of theoretical framework for guidance 1 16.7
10 – Report of an index of variability between groups 1 16.7
11 – Report of intervention implementation detail to facilitate replication 6 100
  Strong Rating (9 – 11 points) 0 0
  Moderate Rating (6 – 8 points) 2 33.3
  Weak Rating (≤ 5 points) 4 66.7
Qualitative studies (N= 3) Number of articles % Total studies
1 – Prolonged engagement in study setting 2 66.7
2 – Justification for design and methods selected 3 100
3 – Sampling strategy justified 1 33.3
4 – Analytical methods clearly described 1 33.3
5 – Use of verification methods to demonstrate credibility 1 33.3
6 – Reflexivity of account provided 0 0
7 – Detailed report of findings 3 100
8 – Balanced and fair representation of view points 2 66.7
9 – Conclusions supported and confirmable by the data 3 100
10 – Report of intervention implementation detail to facilitate replication 2 66.7
  Strong Rating (8 – 10 points) 0 0
  Moderate Rating (5 – 7 points) 3 100
  Weak Rating (≤ 4 points) 0 0