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Table 1 Characteristics of the NIH enrolees included in this study, 2010

From: The influence of socio-economic status and multimorbidity patterns on healthcare costs: a six-year follow-up under a universal healthcare system

   Count of Rx-MGs Total cost Non-pharmacy cost
n % Mean (S.D.) Mean RW Mean RW
Total   903 376        
Gender Male 473 194 52.4 4.2 (3.7) 793.7 1.022 579.0 1.007
Female 430 182 47.6 4.6 (3.6) 760.1 0.979 571.2 0.993
Age(in years) <20 172 588 20.6 3.4 (2.2) 287.4 0.370 234.8 0.408
21–30 147 523 14.9 3.4 (2.8) 350.1 0.451 287.9 0.501
31–40 156 345 17.3 3.5 (3.0) 447.6 0.576 350.3 0.609
41–50 155 422 17.2 3.9 (3.4) 642.6 0.827 468.7 0.815
51–60 132 851 14.7 4.9 (3.9) 999.1 1.286 717.4 1.248
61–70 68 509 7.6 6.6 (4.5) 1 670.6 2.151 1 177.2 2.047
> = 71 70 138 7.7 8.4 (4.9) 2 613.7 3.365 1 894.6 3.295
Occupation Employer 19 212 2.1 4.3 (3.6) 805.8 1.038 584.5 1.017
Physician 2 531 0.3 3.6 (3.5) 802.0 1.033 556.2 0.967
Paramedical personnel 15 826 1.8 4.0 (3.2) 576.6 0.742 439.4 0.764
Public servant 48 080 5.3 4.2 (3.4) 708.6 0.912 517.3 0.900
Employee or self-employed 667 980 73.9 4.1 (3.4) 657.8 0.847 489.3 0.851
Farmer 92 441 10.2 5.9 (4.5) 1 262.8 1.626 917.5 1.596
Fisherman 22 454 2.5 4.6 (3.7) 732.6 0.943 545.6 0.949
Low income 34 852 3.9 6.5 (4.8) 1 960.8 2.525 1 466.1 2.550
Income <=USD$594 226 634 25.1 4.3 (4.0) 916.2 1.180 679.4 1.182
USD$594 - $ 1 210 464 094 51.4 4.5 (3.7) 762.3 0.982 566.5 0.985
USD$1 210 - $3 850 203 846 22.6 4.1 (3.3) 658.4 0.848 482.6 0.839
> = USD$3 850 8 802 1.0 3.7 (3.2) 676.1 0.871 476.8 0.829
  1. Note: Distributions of Rx-MG counts and total cost were all statistically different among genders, age groups, type of occupation, and income class (p < .001); RW relative weight, the costs divided by the population mean.