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Table 6 Univariate analysis (unadjusted results) of Resource Utilisation Bands at age 10 by socio-economic position variables

From: Socio-economic position and childhood multimorbidity: a study using linkage between the Avon Longitudinal study of parents and children and the general practice research database

Socio-economic marker Resource Utilisation Band at age 10 (% within SEP category)  
Non-user Healthy user Low or moderate morbidity χ2; p-value
Mother’s education O level or lower 45 (35.4%) 37 (29.1%) 45 (35.4%) χ22 = 2.3; p = 0.3
A level or degree 20 (29.4%) 27 (39.7%) 21 (30.9%)
Father’s education O level or lower 32 (32.7%) 30 (30.6%) 36 (36.7%) χ22 = 0.8; p = 0.7
A level or degree 33 (34.0%) 34 (35.1%) 30 (30.9%)
Family social class I, II, III non-manual 35 (34.3%) 31 (30.4%) 36 (35.3%) χ22 = 0.6; p = 0.7
III manual, IV V 30 (32.3%) 33 (35.5%) 30 (32.3%)
Housing tenure (in pregnancy) Owned/mortgaged 47 (31.3%) 54 (36.0%) 49 (32.7%) χ22 = 3.0; p = 0.2
Other 18 (40.0%) 10 (22.2%) 17 (37.8%)
Family adversity index 0 31 (36.9%) 27 (32.1%) 26 (31.0%) χ62 = 3.1; p = 0.8
1 17 (29.3%) 19 (32.8%) 22 (37.9%)
2 12 (40.0%) 9 (30.0%) 9 (30.0%)
≥3 5 (21.7%) 9 (39.1%) 9 (39.1%)
Townsend score (quintile) 1st (least deprived) 19 (28.8%) 24 (36.4%) 23 (34.9%) χ62 = 13.5; p = 0.04
2 10 (28.6%) 17 (48.6%) 8 (22.9%)
3 17 (38.6%) 6 (13.6%) 21 (47.7%)
4th and 5th (most deprived)1 19 (38.0%) 17 (34.0%) 14 (28.0%)
  1. 1. Groups combined as numbers small.