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Table 3 Univariate analysis (unadjusted results) of chronic conditions by socio-economic position variables

From: Socio-economic position and childhood multimorbidity: a study using linkage between the Avon Longitudinal study of parents and children and the general practice research database

Socio-economic marker Number of chronic conditions while aged 0–9 years (% within SEP category) χ2; p-value
  0 1 2 or more  
Mother’s education O level or lower 35 (34.3%) 34 (33.3%) 33 (32.4%) χ22 = 7.9; p = 0.02
A level or degree 20 (58.8%) 10 (27.4%) 4 (11.8%)
Father’s education O level or lower 23 (31.5%) 27 (37.0%) 23 (31.5%) χ22 = 4.3; p = 0.1
A level or degree 32 (50.8%) 17 (27.0%) 14 (22.2%)
Family social class I, II, III non-manual 31 (49.2%) 18 (28.6%) 14 (22.2%) χ22 = 3.8; p = 0.1
III manual, IV V 24 (32.9%) 26 (35.6%) 23 (31.5%)
Housing tenure (in pregnancy) Owned/mortgaged 48 (42.9%) 35 (31.3%) 29 (25.9%) χ22 = 1.0; p = 0.5
Other 7 (29.2%) 9 (37.5%) 8 (33.3%)
Family adversity index 0 25 (44.6%) 18 (32.1%) 13 (23.2%) χ62 = 4.4; p = 0.6
1 17 (42.5%) 13 (32.5%) 10 (25.0%)
2 6 (30.0%) 5 (25.0%) 9 (45.0%)
≥3 7 (35.0%) 8 (40.0%) 5 (25.0%)
Townsend score (quintile) 1st (least deprived) 18 (40.9%) 15 (34.1%) 11 (25.0%) χ62 = 2.1; p = 0.9
2 11 (40.7%) 7 (25.9%) 9 (33.3%)
3 8 (33.3%) 10 (41.7%) 6 (25.0%)
4th & 5th (most deprived)1 18 (43.9%) 12 (29.3%) 11 (26.8%)
  Number of chronic conditions while aged 10–18 years (% within SEP category)  
  0 1 2 or more  
Mother’s education O level or lower 121 (58.7%) 60 (29.1%) 25 (12.1%) χ22 = 9.2; p = 0.01
A level or degree 45 (45.5%) 29 (29.3%) 25 (25.3%)
Father’s education O level or lower 85 (54.1%) 49 (31.2%) 23 (14.7%) χ22 = 1.1; p = 0.6
A level or degree 81 (54.7%) 40 (27.0%) 27 (18.2%)
Family social class I, II, III non-manual 79 (49.7%) 48 (30.2%) 32 (20.1%) χ22 = 4.3; p = 0.1
III manual, IV V 87 (59.6%) 41 (28.1%) 18 (12.3%)
Housing tenure Mortgaged/owned 118 (51.5%) 70 (30.6%) 41 (17.9%) χ22 = 3.3; p = 0.2
Other 48 (63.2%) 19 (25.0%) 9 (11.8%)
Family adversity index 0 60 (49.6%) 43 (35.5%) 18 (14.9%) χ62 = 4.5; p = 0.6
1 53 (56.4%) 25 (26.6%) 16 (17.0%)
2 29 (61.7%) 10 (21.3%) 8 (17.0%)
≥3 24 (55.8%) 11 (25.6%) 8 (18.6%)
Townsend score (quintile) 1st (least deprived) 51 (58.0%) 25 (28.4%) 12 (13.6%) χ82 = 4.1; p = 0.8
2 31 (55.4%) 16 (28.6%) 9 (16.1%)
3 35 (48.0%) 21 (28.8%) 17 (23.3%)
  4 33 (55.0%) 18 (30.0%) 9 (15.0%)
5th (most deprived) 16 (57.1%) 9 (32.1%) 3 (10.7%)
  1. 1. Groups combined as numbers small.