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Table 3 Hierarchical multivariable analysis of the association of multimorbidity status and characteristics of subjects with tuberculosis in Brazil, 2011

From: Prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity among tuberculosis patients in Brazil: a cross-sectional study

Covariates* OR (95% CI)
Level 1
Gender Female 1.00
  Male 0.63 (0.52-0.76)
Age <20 years 1.00
  20 –39 years 3.59 (1.12-11.48)
  40-59 years 17.89 (5.71-56.03)
  > 60 years 44.11 (14.09-138.07)
Skin color White 1.00
  Non-white 0.88 (0.72-1.06)
Level 2
School level Illiterate 1.00
  1 – 4 years 1.32 (0.89-1.96)
  5 – 8 years 1.44 (0.93-2.21)
  > 8 years 1.31 (0.84-2.05)
Institutionalization No 1.00
  Yes 0.59 (0.23-0.80)
Area of residence Urban 1.00
  Rural 0.63 (0.42-0.95)
Level 3
HIV Negative 1.00
  Positive 0.75 (0.52-1.08)
Level 4
TB form Pulmonary 1.00
  Extrapulmonary 1.11 (0.83-1.47)
  Pulmonary + extrapulmonary 0.72 (0.38-1.36)
Histopathologic examination Not suggestive of TB 1.00
  AFB positive 0.96 (0.28-3.28)
  Suggestive of TB 1.53 (0.46-5.03)
Level 5
Treatment outcome Cured 1.00
  Abandonment 0.73 (0.50-1.07)
  Death from TB 1.18 (0.86-1.64)
  Death from other cause 1.76 (1.36-2.28)
  MDR TB 1.33 (0.42-4.21)
  1. AFB Acid fast bacilli, MDR TB Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis, MM Multimorbidity, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, TB Tuberculosis.
  2. *Covariates with p < 0.10followed to next level of hierarchical model.