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Table 2 Distribution of clinical characteristics of tuberculosis cases according to multimorbidity status in Brazil, 2011

From: Prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity among tuberculosis patients in Brazil: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics TB TB – MM p value*
   n (%) n (%)  
Type of treatment (39,879) New case 32,478 (98.9) 373 (1.1) 0.244
  Relapse 2,232 (98.5) 33 (1.5)  
  Return after abandonment 2,514 (99.2) 21 (0.8)  
  Unknown 84 (100) 0 (0)  
  Transferred 2,117 (98.7) 27 (1.3)  
TB form (39, 865) Pulmonary 33,213 (98.9) 372 (1.1) 0.073
  Extrapulmonary 4,970 (98.6) 72 (1.4)  
  Pulmonary + extrapulmonary 1,228 (99.2) 10 (0.8)  
Tuberculin skin test (6,532) Negative 1,868 (98.6) 27 (1.4) 0.003
  Positive 4,606 (99.3) 31 (0.7)  
X-ray suspicious (33,297) No 2,220 (98.6) 32 (1.4) 0.218
  Yes 30,693 (98.9) 352 (1.1)  
Initialbacilloscopy (32,804) Negative 8,721 (98.9) 101 (1,1) 0.964
  Positive 23,706 (98.8) 276 (1.2)  
Culture (9,667) Negative 3,389 (99.1) 31 (0.9) 0.207
  Positive 6,173 (98.8) 74 (1.2)  
Histopathologic examination (4,298) Not suggestive 260 (98.9) 3 (1.1) 0.084
  AFB positive 1,787 (98.9) 19 (1.1)  
  Suggestive of TB 2,187 (98.1) 42 (1.9)  
DOTS indication (37,432) No 15,522 (98.8) 187 (1.2) 0.348
  Yes 21,487 (98.9) 236 (1.1)  
Under DOTS (33,504) No 14,838 (98.8) 178 (1.2) 0.347
  Yes 18,289 (98.9) 199 (1.1)  
Occupational disease (24,077) No 23,177 (98.9) 281 (1,1) 0.831
  Yes 611 (98.7) 8 (1.3)  
Treatment outcome (39,879) Cured 28,625 (98.9) 302 (1.1) <0.001
  Abandonment 5,490 (99.5) 29 (0.5)  
  Death from TB 2,243 (98.1) 44 (1.9)  
  Death from other cause 2,828 (97.4) 76 (2.6)  
  MDR TB 239 (98.8) 3 (1.2)  
  1. AFB Acid fast bacilli, DOTS Directly observed treatment short, MDR TB Multidrug resistant tuberculosis, MM Multimorbidity, TB Tuberculosis.
  2. *Pearson chi-square test.