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Table 4 Incidence and intensity of catastrophic expenditure

From: Equity of the premium of the Ghanaian national health insurance scheme and the implications for achieving universal coverage

  5% 10% 15% 20%
Incidence (H) 0.62% 0.41% 0.21% 0.14%
Standard deviation 0.078 0.064 0.045 0.037
Overshoot (O) 0.06% 0.03% 0.02% 0.01%
Standard deviation 0.010 0.007 0.005 0.003
Mean positive overshoot (MPO) 9.67% 7.31% 9.52% 7.14%
Average expenditure 14.67% 17.31% 24.52% 27.14%
Concentration index for E i (C E ) −0.960 −0.955 −0.964 −0.954
Rank weighted incidence (HW) 1.22% 0.80% 0.41% 0.27%
Concentration index for O (C O ) −0.925 −1.106 −0.833 −0.932
Rank weighted overshoot (OW) 0.12% 0.06% 0.04% 0.02%