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Table 1 Proportion of skilled birth attendance and measles immunization in total and by selected characteristics, Kenya, DHS 2008/09

From: Decomposing Kenyan socio-economic inequalities in skilled birth attendance and measles immunization

  Skilled birth attendance Measles immunization
Characteristics % (N) % (N)
Total 43.9 (6059) 85.1 (1116)
Wealth quintile*
 1 20.4 (1768) 75.7 (313)
 2 31.4 (1078) 80.8 (194)
 3 42.0 (982) 85.5 (170)
 4 52.9 (984) 90.0 (191)
 5 (richest) 81.8 (1247) 93.9 (248)
Skilled antenatal visits*
 0 13.2 (428) 68.4 (115)
 1 to 3 39.8 (1715) 83.4 (431)
 4+ 61.6 (1874) 88.6 (482)
Sex
 male 45.3 (3122) 84.2 (570)
 female 43.3 (2937) 85.9 (546)
Child’s age
 12 to 17    81.4 (552)
 18 to 23    88.5 (564)
Birth order*
 1 62.3 (1383) 91.8 (272)
 2 to 3 46.6 (2279) 91.2 (404)
 4 to 5 34.3 (1280) 78.1 (221)
 6+ 26.6 (1117) 71.8 (219)
Mother’s age at birth
 <20 45.3 (2950) 87.9 (544)
 20+ 42.6 (3109) 82.5 (572)
Type of residence*
 Rural 36.8 (4601) 83.4 (823)
 Urban 75.2 (1458) 90.6 (293)
Province*
 Nairobi 89.3 (412) 87.6 (72)
 Central 73.8 (496) 88.3 (81)
 Coast 45.8 (880) 85.4 (155)
 Eastern 43.1 (743) 88.7 (149)
 North Eastern 32.1 (573) 80.0 (92)
 Nyanza 45.5 (1109) 78.2 (204)
 Rift Valley 33.7 (1058) 89.3 (210)
 Western 25.9 (788) 77.7 (153)
Ethnic group*
 Kalenijn 37.2 (618) 88.1 (116)
 Kamba 35.6 (400) 90.5 (73)
 Kikuyu 75.3 (719) 91.1 (116)
 Kisii 51.2 (309) 83.7 (58)
 Luhya 28.9 (905) 84.5 (182)
 Luo 45.6 (938) 75.1 (176)
 Masai 26.6 (122) 59.6 (22)
 Meru/Embu 68.8 (268) 92.7 (57)
 Mijikenda 37.6 (596) 89.4 (107)
 Taita 59.0 (68) 88.0 (12)
 Other 29.0 (1114) 80.8 (197)
Religion
 Protestant 45.2 (3534) 84.7 (661)
 Catholic 44.9 (1064) 87.3 (200)
 Muslim 41.7 (1198) 85.2 (211)
 Other 22.4 (254) 81.6 (43)
Marital status
 Married 43.8 (4822) 84.6 (892)
 Other 44.3 (1237) 87.0 (224)
Mother’s education*
 Higher 88.3 (325) 94.3 (56)
 Secondary 76.7 (549) 95.8 (105)
 Secondary incomplete 59.5 (474) 85.7 (80)
 Primary 48.9 (1514) 87.0 (296)
 Primary incomplete 28.6 (1910) 80.1 (371)
 No education 19.3 (1287) 79.1 (208)
Father’s education*
 Higher 81.0 (444) 97.9 (83)
 Secondary 61.3 (1061) 94.1 (184)
 Secondary incomplete 53.5 (430) 72.8 (73)
 Primary 40.0 (1625) 84.8 (306)
 Primary incomplete 26.7 (1167) 78.4 (215)
 No education 17.5 (945) 75.1 (163)
Mother’s occupation*
 Professional 53.5 (1126) 89.9 (210)
 Sales 44.4 (392) 73.7 (72)
 Agriculture 37.0 (1354) 81.5 (233)
 Domestic 39.7 (189) 89.2 (30)
 Manual 44.2 (319) 90.0 (60)
 Services 82.9 (90) 94.0 (15)
 Not working 42.5 (2574) 85.2 (494)
Father’s occupation*
 Professional 56.0 (1546) 91.2 (299)
 Sales 47.1 (397) 88.7 (71)
 Agriculture 29.7 (1690) 78.9 (288)
 Domestic 31.1 (145) 89.6 (33)
 Manual 48.9 (1508) 84.8 (261)
 Services 50.3 (98) 64.4 (17)
 Not working 46.5 (29) 67.7 (6)
Insurance coverage
 Yes 86.7 (299) 93.1 (48)
 No 41.6 (5753) 84.7 (1067)
  1. *p-value < 0.01 for skilled birth attendance.
  2. § p-value < 0.01 for measles immunization.