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Table 3 Longitudinal estimates (S1-S6)1of general health and mental health by SES, 194651 ALSWH2cohort

From: The impact of socioeconomic status on changes in the general and mental health of women over time: evidence from a longitudinal study of Australian women

  General health3estimate model 1 P-value Mental health4estimate model 2 P-value
Intercept 80.9924 <.0001 76.2838 <.0001
SES 0.3408 <.0001 0.3972 <.0001
Time (years since Survey 1) 0.5543 <.0001 −0.0342 0.3871
Interaction: SES*Time 0.0371 <.0001 0.0275 <.0001
Age −0.1639 0.1127 0.3801 <.0001
Body mass index     
Normal Reference   Reference  
Underweight 3.4426 0.0040 −1.2232 0.2088
Overweight 3.2655 <.0001 −0.2578 0.3763
Obese 9.5538 <.0001 1.4620 <.0001
Marital status     
Married/De-facto Reference   Reference  
Divorced/Separated 0.9217 0.0319 0.6888 0.0487
Smoking status     
Non-smoker Reference   Reference  
Ex-smoker   0.3112 0.3790 0.5994 0.0369
Smoker 4.9801 <.0001 3.3996 <.0001
Area of residence     
Urban Reference   Reference  
Rural 1.2768 <.0001 2.0328 <.0001
Able to manage on income     
Easy Reference   Reference  
Difficult sometimes 2.8944 <.0001 1.9830 <.0001
Not too bad 6.0031 <.0001 4.7913 <.0001
Impossible/Difficult always 11.2947 <.0001 10.1975 <.0001
Stress     
Major life experiences 23.9689 <.0001 29.9691 <.0001
  1. 1 Survey 1 to Survey 6.
  2. 2 Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health.
  3. 3 General health SF-36 subscale.
  4. 4 Mental health SF-36 subscale.
  5. Estimates in bold type significant p< 0.05.
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