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Table 1 Socio-demographic and health-related characteristics of women in the 194651 ALSWH1cohort at survey 1 in 1996 (N=12,709)

From: The impact of socioeconomic status on changes in the general and mental health of women over time: evidence from a longitudinal study of Australian women

  Low SES (n=4,943) % Mid SES (n=4,531) % High SES (n=3,235) % Total (n=12,709) %
Area of residence     
Capital city/Other metropolitan centers 69.1 71.8 78.0 72.6
Large/Small rural centers or remote 30.9 28.2 22.0 27.4
Marital status     
Married/De-facto 83.4 81.2 78.2 81.1
Separated/Divorced/Widowed/Single 16.6 18.9 21.8 18.9
Smoker     
Non-smoker 51.4 51.3 58.5 53.4
Ex-smoker 26.9 30.8 29.6 29.0
Smoker 21.7 17.8 11.9 17.6
Body Mass Index (BMI)     
Normal weight (18.5-24.9 kg/m2) 49.3 52.9 59.7 53.6
Underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2)  1.5  1.8  2.6  1.9
Overweight (25.0-30.0 kg/m2) 28.8 28.0 25.8 27.6
Obese (Obese (>30.0 kg/m2) 20.5 17.3 11.9 16.9
Ability to manage on income     
Easy 12.6 14.6 22.8 16.2
Not too bad 40.6 43.6 43.3 42.4
Difficult sometimes 30.2 27.5 23.6 27.4
Impossible or difficult always 16.7 14.3 10.4 14.1
Age first left school     
16 years or younger 56.7 36.0  7.3 67.1
17 years or older  2.6 34.9 62.7 32.9
Highest qualification attained     
No formal qualification 88.1 11.9  0.0 17.2
School certificate 70.3 29.7  0.0 31.6
Higher school certificate  8.8 79.0 12.1 16.9
Trade, apprenticeship, certificate or diploma  0.0 52.0 48.0 19.8
Higher degree or bachelor degree  0.0  4.0 96.0 14.5
Main occupation (current or last)     
Never had a paid job 92.7  7.3  0.0  1.6
Machine operator, cleaner 87.0 13.1  0.0 15.3
Advanced/Intermediate sales, clerk, personal service worker 57.0 41.5  1.5 40.4
Associate professional or trades-person  8.0 57.2 34.9 13.1
Manager/Administrator/Professional  0.0 31.5 68.6 29.6
Total 38.9 35.6 25.5 100.00
  1. 1 Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health.
  2. Data are weighted to adjust for oversampling in rural and remote areas.
  3. Percentages vary due to rounding.
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