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Table 3 Prevalence rates of underweight, stunting, and wasting in indigenous children < 60 months according to characteristics of the household and sanitation, First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition, Brazil, 2008-2009

From: Nutritional status of indigenous children: findings from the First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition in Brazil

  N Underweight Stunting Wasting
Prevalence PR Prevalence PR Prevalence PR
(%) (CI 95%) (%) (CI 95%) (%) (CI 95%)
Piped drinking water    p < 0.001 *   p = 0.003 *   p = 0.08 *
  Inside home 902 2.4 1.00 17.6 1.00 0.8 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
  Outside home 2961 5.0 2.08 24.9 1.41 1.3 1.58
(1.29-3.36) (0.93-2.14) (0.62-4.03)
  Other 2180 10.3 4.28 33.3 1.89 1.7 2.07
(2.57-7.12) (1.20-2.96) (0.84-5.09)
Location used for defecation    p = 0.001 *   p < 0.001 *   p = 0.01 *
  Indoor household facility 3243 4.2 1.00 20.5 1.00 1.00 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
  Outdoor household facility 680 6.5 1.53 34.6 1.68 0.7 0.71
(1.04-2.26) (1.31-2.16) (0.32-1.60)
  Other 2108 8.6 2.04 32.4 1.58 1.9 1.92
(1.33-3.11) (1.23-2.02) (1.19-3.09)
Trash collection service in the village    p < 0.001 *   p < 0.001 *   p = 0.97 *
  Yes 718 2.4 1.00 11.1 1.00 1.3 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
  No 5313 6.6 2.74 28.4 2.55 1.3 0.96
(1.85-4.06) (1.59-4.10) (0.51-1.82)
  1. PR, Prevalence ratio.
  2. CI, Confidence interval.
  3. Maximum N for each category, which may vary between variables due to missing data.
  4. * χ2 test of heterogeneity.
  5. ** χ2 test for linear trend.