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Table 4 Concentration index for maternal health indicator over time

From: “Can community level interventions have an impact on equity and utilization of maternal health care” – Evidence from rural Bangladesh

    Three years exposure to intervention Comparison
    Rich poor ratio* CI 95% confidence interval Rich poor ratio* CI 95% confidence interval
ANC Any ANC 2008 1.6 0.098 0.076 0.120 1.5 0.103 0.079 0.127
2010 1.4 0.017 0.007 0.027 1 0.05 0.026 0.074
Changes   −0.081 −0.126 −0.036   −0.053 −0.110 0.004
ANC by medically trained provider** 2008 2.6 0.184 0.149 0.219 2.1 0.173 0.142 0.204
2010 3.6 0.223 0.176 0.270 1.3 0.119 0.080 0.158
Changes   0.039 −0.049 0.127   −0.054 −0.142 0.034
ANC by trained provider*** 2008 1.7 0.107 0.083 0.131 1.7 0.128 0.103 0.153
2010 1.4 0.019 0.009 0.029 1.3 0.1 0.067 0.133
Changes   −0.088 −0.135 −0.041   −0.028 −0.089 0.033
4+ ANC 2008 4.8 0.307 0.244 0.370 3.4 0.254 0.191 0.317
2010 1.5 0.039 0.015 0.063 1.9 0.169 0.100 0.238
Changes   −0.268 −0.368 −0.168   −0.085 −0.209 0.039
Home delivery by untrained attendant 2008 0.5 −0.072 −0.094 −0.050 0.6 −0.072 −0.103 −0.041
2010 0.9 −0.065 −0.106 −0.024 0.4 −0.113 −0.160 −0.066
Changes   0.007 −0.069 0.083   −0.041 −0.117 0.035
by trained attendant 2008 1.2 0.056 −0.001 0.113 0.7 −0.073 −0.132 −0.014
2010 0.9 −0.038 −0.079 0.003 0.4 −0.095 −0.154 −0.036
Changes   −0.094 −0.19 0.002   −0.022 −0.118 0.074
Normal delivery in public facility 2008 2.4 0.173 0.044 0.302 2.2 0.236 0.114 0.358
2010 2.1 0.054 −0.062 0.170 2.3 0.204 0.069 0.339
Changes   −0.119 −0.351 0.113   −0.032 −0.291 0.227
in private facility 2008 6 0.384 0.221 0.547 1.7 0.114 −0.08 0.308
2010 5.5 0.272 0.062 0.482 0.6 0.331 0.015 0.647
Changes   −0.112 −0.473 0.249   0.217 −0.296 0.73
C-section in public facility 2008 8 0.369 0.169 0.569 - 0.587 0.415 0.759
2010 1.9 0.141 −0.065 0.347 - 0.358 0.142 0.574
Changes   −0.228 −0.620 0.160   −0.23 −0.756 0.298
in private facility 2008 5.5 0.365 0.216 0.514 1.3 0.501 0.397 0.605
2010 17 0.513 0.397 0.629 9.7 0.508 0.4 0.616
Changes   0.148 −0.122 0.418   0.007 −0.234 0.248
PNC PNC within 48 h 2008 4.3 0.369 0.169 0.569 3.2 0.587 0.415 0.759
2010 1.7 0.141 −0.065 0.347 3.3 0.358 0.142 0.574
Changes   −0.228 −0.436 −0.02   −0.229 −0.463 0.005
  1. * Population rich poor ratio in 2008 and 2010 (0.94, 1.02) for intervention area and (0.91, 1.24) comparison area.
  2. **Medically trained provider for ANC services includes: Doctor, Nurse, FWV, and SACMO.
  3. ***Trained provider for ANC services includes: Doctor, Nurse, FWV, SACMO, and BRAC SK.