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Table 2 Average utilization (mean±SD) and expenditure (mean±SD) of various types of healthcare services according to levels of health need (N=4880)

From: Vertical equity of healthcare in Taiwan: health services were distributed according to need

Level of need Outpatient care   Emergency care   Hospitalization   Preventive care  
  % used1 # of visit2 Expenditure3 % used1 # of visit2 Expenditure3 % used1 # of visit2 Expenditure3 % used1 # of visit2 Expenditure3
Very low (n=141) 92.2 10.4±10.7 191±241 10.6 0.13±0.41 5±22 0.01 0.02±0.19 60±600 11.3 0.2±0.6 2±6
Low (n=1195) 93.1 12.5±12.1 280±472 11.1 0.16±0.58 8±33 0.05 0.08±0.57 98±733 17.9 0.3±0.7 3±6
Moderate (n=1290) 95.3 14.9±12.3 318±368 13.5 0.19±0.62 11±49 0.08 0.10±0.43 131±1057 23.3 0.4±0.9 4±7
High (n=1867) 97.8 19.1±15.7 541±1472 14.8 0.21±0.66 13±56 0.09 0.13±0.53 174±1462 26.8 0.5±0.9 4±8
Very high (n=387) 98.2 28.3±23.8 1112±2432 19.4 0.38±1.12 35±140 0.19 0.41±1.45 620±3637 28.2 0.5±0.8 4±8
Pearson χ2/ F 50.8*** 107.23*** 45.26*** 20.25*** 8.58*** 16.43*** 83.16*** 21.44*** 9.543*** 48.76*** 11.41*** 13.10***
  1. 1Percent of patients in group used the service.
  2. 2Average number of visit (mean±SD)/person.
  3. 3Average expenditure in US$ (including co-payment and other expenses related to the services) (mean±SD)/person.
  4. ***p<0.001.