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Table 1 Distribution (%) of subjects according to health need 1 stratified by gender, age, level of education and monthly income (N=4880)

From: Vertical equity of healthcare in Taiwan: health services were distributed according to need

Distribution of subjects by health need (%)
Variables Total n Very low Low Moderate High Very high
   (n=141) (n=1195) (n=1290) (n=1867) (n=387)
Gender***       
Male 2276 4.0 28.5 26.8 33.9 6.7
Female 2604 1.9 21.0 26.1 42.1 9.0
Age (y)***       
40-49 2596 3.5 28.9 28.9 33.0 5.7
50-59 1654 2.1 20.5 25.4 43.0 9.0
60-64 630 2.4 16.8 19.0 47.5 14.3
Formal education (y)***
≤6 2078 2.0 18.4 21.8 46.7 11.1
7-9 795 3.9 26.0 27.7 36.5 5.9
10-12 1097 3.5 28.9 30.4 31.9 5.3
>12 821 3.4 33.7 32.8 25.7 4.4
Monthly income (US$)***
0 1237 2.4 18.9 22.9 42.2 13.6
1-300 517 1.9 11.8 21.7 51.6 13.0
301-600 770 2.7 20.5 23.8 46.1 6.9
601-1200 1163 2.6 27.6 29.8 34.7 5.2
1201-1800 646 4.3 34.1 31.0 28.3 2.3
>1800 507 3.7 38.8 31.1 22.5 3.9
  1. 1The level of health need is based on self-rated health status. Those who self-rated as having excellent status are assumed to have very low health need whereas those who self-rated as having poor status are assumed to have very high need.
  2. ***p<0.001 based on Chi-square test.