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Table 2 Medical and oral health status of US children 0-17 years old (N = 90,117) by race/ethnicity (2007 NSCH)

From: Trends in racial/ethnic disparities in medical and oral health, access to care, and use of services in US children: has anything changed over the years?

  Mean or Proportion for Each Racial/Ethnic Group  
Medical/Oral Health Status Measure White N = 61377 Latino N = 11523 African-American N = 8873 Asian/Pacific Islander N = 2771 American Indians/Alaska Natives N = 1244 Multiracial N = 4329 P
Health statusa (%)        <.0001
Excellent 68.8 46.5 53.1 59.3 58.7 65.6  
Very good 22.2 21.9 27.4 26.0 26.8 22.3  
Good 7.3 23.6 15.2 11.7 10.8 9.7  
Fair 1.4 7.2 3.9 2.6 3.0 2.1  
Poor 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.4  
BMIb class (%)        <.0001
Underweight 5.1 4.6 4.7 12.3 3.7 3.9  
Normal 68.1 54.5 54.2 66.6 58.1 62.1  
Overweightc 14.0 17.5 17.3 11.3 15.2 19.8  
Obesed 12.9 23.4 23.8 9.9 23.0 14.3  
Needs more medical care than others (%) 12.5 10.9 12.8 6.0 16.5 13.4 <.0001
Has limited abilities (%) 5.4 5.8 9.9 4.4 10.1 7.2 <.0001
Needs/gets special therapye (%) 7.2 6.7 7.9 3.8 9.0 7.0 .0008
Emotional, developmental, or behavioral problems needing treatment or counseling (%) 7.1 6.2 8.7 2.5 12.1 8.2 <.0001
Learning disability (%) 10.1 11.4 12.4 3.1 14.6 10.6 <0001
Asthma (%) 12.4 12.4 19.6 12.1 16.2 18.0 <0001
Hearing/vision problems (%) 4.7 4.6 3.4 2.9 5.3 5.0 .03
ADHD (%) 9.5 5.1 9.6 2.0 11.7 12.0 <.0001
Depression/anxiety (%) 6.8 5.8 5.2 1.7 10.7 8.8 .0001
Behavior problems (%) 4.0 3.7 7.7 1.9 9.4 4.4 <.0001
Bone/joint/muscle problems (%) 3.3 3.1 2.7 2.5 4.1 3.0 .45
Diabetes (%) 0. 0.4 0.6 0.2 1.2 0.4 .03
Developmental delay (%) 4.9 4.5 5.5 2.0 5.4 6.2 .01
Respiratory allergies (%) 18.6 10.9 16.8 11.5 14.7 19.3 <0001
Digestive allergies (%) 4.9 3.6 5.8 5.0 6.0 6.2 .02
Skin allergies (%) 11.5 9.5 18.6 10.7 10.1 15.4 <0001
Headaches (%) 5.5 4.1 6.2 2.7 8.2 6.4 .0013
Speech problems (%) 6.3 5.8 6.8 2.9 6.5 6.1 .12
≥ 3 ear infections in last 12 mos (%) 6.4 7.0 5.1 2.9 6.8 7.1 .0001
Teeth conditiona (%)        <.0001
Excellent 54.3 31.2 37.9 49.8 42.6 54.9  
Very good 26.2 18.1 24.7 29.3 24.5 22.1  
Good 15.2 31.1 28.2 20.7 25.6 18.2  
Fair 3.6 16.4 7.2 8.2 5.2 4.2  
Poor 0.8 3.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 0.7  
  1. Data source: non-public data set of 2007 National Survey of Childhood Health.
  2. aBy parental report.
  3. bBMI = body mass index; cBMI = 85-94% for age and gender; dBMI ≥95% for age and gender.
  4. eIncludes physical, occupational, or speech therapy.