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Table 1 Descriptive statistics, by self-reported skin color (%)

From: Who experiences discrimination in Brazil? Evidence from a large metropolitan region

  White1 Black Pardo (brown) Total
N (unweighted) 6,527 1,121 5,282 12,930
% (weighted) 48.86 8.35 42.78 100.00
Aged 20–29 years 23.76 24.56 26.80 25.13
30-39 years 21.11 21.49 22.99 21.95
40-49 years 19.75 19.16 20.26 19.92
50-59 years 15.78 16.49 15.79 15.84
60+ years 19.60 18.30 14.16* 17.17
Male 45.58 43.75 47.71 46.34
Female 54.42 56.25 52.29 53.66
Schooling (<4 years) 6.35* 16.34* 9.42 8.5
4-7 years 18.22* 31.66* 27.72* 23.41
8-12 years 44.61 43.75 50.6* 47.10
12+ years 30.82* 8.24* 12.26* 20.99
> lowest income quintile 86.75* 69.67* 76.05* 80.75
lowest income quintile (poor) 13.25* 30.33* 23.95* 19.25
Few health problems 61.72 57.53* 66.99* 63.63
Some health problems 25.94 28.59 22.58 24.72
Many health problems 12.34 13.88 10.43 11.65
Highest social position (top 2 tertiles) 66.77 52.20* 62.56 63.75
Lowest social position (lowest tertile) 35.30 47.80* 37.44 36.25
Highest social trust (top 2 categories) 80.88 85.39 85.37 83.18
Lowest social trust (versus top 2 categories) 19.12 14.61 14.63 16.82
Non BH city resident 35.37* 48.76* 44.72* 40.49
BH city resident 64.63* 51.24* 55.28* 59.51
No report of discrimination 91.60 84.85* 92.44 91.39
Reported discrimination (any) 8.40 15.15* 7.56 8.61
In work place 3.32 6.50* 3.00 3.45
In seeking medical care 1.99 2.18 2.05 2.03
In the family 1.40 2.68* 1.24 1.44
In social occasions 4.21 9.71* 3.38 4.32
In other situations 2.17 4.73* 2.20 2.40
  1. Numbers are design-corrected weighted proportions.
  2. Note that “amarelo” and “unknown” skin color categories dropped due to low prevalence (<1%).
  3. *= significant difference from “total” category (p<0.05).