Skip to main content

Table 1 Study characteristics by percent using modern contraception among women married or in a union in 10 Newly Independent States (n = 55,204)

From: Individual and community level socioeconomic inequalities in contraceptive use in 10 Newly Independent States: a multilevel cross-sectional analysis

Characteristic n All Countries n = 55,204 ARM n = 4,170 AZE n = 5,260 BEL n = 4,172 GEO n = 6,183 KAZ n = 8,369 KYR n = 4,156 MOL n = 4,892 TAJ n = 6,007 UKR n = 4,169 UZB n = 8,855
   % % % % % % % % % % %
Total 55, 204 41 18 14 62 20 49 46 45 33 59 58
Community wealth category   (***) (***) (***) (**) (***) (***) (*) (***) (***) (***)  
Poorest 17,672 35 15 11 54 15 39 48 40 28 46 60
Middle 15,542 41 20 13 55 20 50 43 42 31 59 59
Richest 21,991 44 22 18 59 25 55 45 49 39 63 59
Household wealth quintile   (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (*)
Poorest 10,070 35 12 11 49 12 40 47 37 26 43 61
Poorer 10,747 38 16 11 53 16 45 40 39 32 53 60
Middle 11,355 40 17 10 59 18 49 43 43 32 58 61
Richer 11,334 43 22 18 60 23 51 48 46 36 66 57
Richest 11,699 46 29 21 59 28 57 48 51 39 67 57
Education   (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (*)   (***) (***) (**)  
Less than higher 44,060 39 17 13 55 17 48 45 42 32 56 60
Higher 11,144 46 28 25 63 27 51 48 51 46 61 57
Age   (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***)
15-19 years 1,146 16 4 3 51 9 28 15 34 4 40 19
20-24 years 7,189 31 19 9 60 22 38 29 41 16 45 40
25-29 years 9,380 45 27 20 64 26 51 49 51 32 65 61
30-34 years 9,262 49 27 21 64 27 59 54 53 42 67 67
35-39 years 9,252 49 22 18 69 23 57 61 53 46 67 72
40-44 years 10,009 42 18 12 57 17 53 53 45 36 63 69
45-49 years 8,967 27 7 7 34 9 32 26 25 29 43 47
Number of living children   (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***)
0 4,706 11 2 1 26 3 11 10 22 1 34 4
1 11,466 41 20 13 61 23 47 34 45 11 66 42
2 19,478 44 23 19 59 22 59 50 50 36 61 66
3 10,660 43 18 14 50 18 50 58 42 41 52 73
4 or more 8,895 46 12 14 54 11 43 49 39 40 27 67
Residence type   (***) (***) (***) (***) (***) (***)   (***) (***) (***) (**)
Rural 29,111 39 16 10 52 16 44 45 41 31 50 60
Urban 26,093 43 21 18 59 24 52 47 48 38 62 57
  1. P-value from chi-squared test of association: * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001.