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Table 5 Factors associated with use of the Pap smear programme in Chile, a comparison between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations, the CASEN surveys 2006 and 2009

From: Understanding differences in access and use of healthcare between international immigrants to Chile and the Chilean-born: a repeated cross-sectional population-based study in Chile

Factors CASEN 2006 CASEN 2009
Chilean-born population* Immigrant populationα Chilean-born population** Immigrant populationαα
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age 1.01 1.007-1.01 1.01 0.97-1.06 0.99* 0.98-0.99 0.98 0.95-1.01
Marital status:         
 Single 1.00 (−) 1.00 (−) 1.00 (−) 1.00 (−)
 Married 2.35** 2.12-2.60 4.71** 1.81-12.26 4.08** 3.83-4.35 8.95** 3.37-23.74
 Divorced 1.77** 1.53-2.05 1.94 0.45-8.35 3.22** 2.90-3.57 6.22 0.93-41.35
 Widow 1.07 0.82-1.40 0.45 0.02-8.82 1.23* 1.08-1.40 1.16 0.95-8.87
Zone (rural=1) 1.07 0.93-1.23 4.35 0.80-23.56 1.12* 1.07-1.18 2.81** 1.11-7.12
Educational level:         
 No education 0.47* 0.29-0.75 0.48 0.05-4.38 1.70** 1.52-1.89 2.48 0.39-15.77
 Primary School 0.92 0.77-1.09 0.37 0.11-1.21 1.62** 1.47-1.82 2.62 0.45-15.14
 High School 0.88 0.76-1.01 0.34 0.11-1.08 1.81** 1.59-2.07 2.10 0.35-12.47
 University level 1.00 (−) 1.00 - 1.00 (−) 1.00 (−)
Household income, per capita: 1.18 0.97-1.44 0.47 0.08-2.71 1.02* 1.01-1.03 0.99 0.98-1.02
Current worker 1.009 0.78-1.30 4.59 0.51-41.12 0.57** 0.54-0.60 0.72 0.43-1.52
Has a contract 1.06 0.94-1.18 0.71 0.29-1.73 0.59* 0.42-0.83 0.05** 0.006-0.50
 Peru - - 0.99 0.49-2.03 - - 1.99 0.09-3.03
 Argentina - - 0.68 0.31-1.47 - - 1.21 0.61-4.54
 Bolivia - - 0.42 0.10-1.66 - - 3.12 0.78-8.58
 Ecuador - - 1.65 0.46-5.38 - - 1.65 0.21-7.34
Armer and Lemeshow GOF test p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001
  1. Adjusted weighted logistic regression models, significant co-variates appear in bold in the table, significant overall Wald test for variables with more than 2 categories appear in grey shade in the table. OR: odds ratios, 95% CI: confidence intervals at 95% level.
  2. * p < 0.05.
  3. ** p < 0.001.