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Table 4 Exploration of crude inequality in access to and use of healthcare services among people with heath needs (any disability, either visual, hearing, physical, learning, psychiatric, or speaking), a comparison between the Chilean-born and immigrants, CASEN 2006 and 2009

From: Understanding differences in access and use of healthcare between international immigrants to Chile and the Chilean-born: a repeated cross-sectional population-based study in Chile

  CASEN 2006 CASEN 2009
Chilean-born population with any disability Immigrant population with any disability Chilean-born population with any disability Immigrant population with any disability
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
TYPE OF HEALTHCARE PROVISION
None or don’t know**αα 15.37 14.90-15.86 28.10 23.86-32.77 2.35 1.88-2.94 12.72 4.07-33.41
Public 100% free** 29.39 28.90-29.89 15.27 12.65-18.33 50.75 49.40-52.10 38.22 21.26-58.62
Public with co-payment** 47.46 46.89-48.03 39.09 34.73-43.63 39.99 38.68-41.32 27.36 12.87-48.98
Private 2.70 2.50-2.91 1.97 0.85-4.48 5.29 4.49-6.24 19.29 5.19-51.07
Other not stated** 5.08 4.86-5.31 15.57 12.66-19.01 1.61 1.22-1.97 2.41 0.55-9.90
USE OF HEALTHCARE SERVICES
Pap smear 48.50 47.95-49.04 47.28 42.12-52.49 40.81 39.18-42.46 50.99 22.51-78.84
Number of healthcare attentions received X= 2.02 1.99-2.05 X=1.97 1.66-2.27 0.70 0.64-0.76 1.07 0.23-1.91
Type of healthcare programme:         
  Well baby care ** 23.43 22.79-24.07 9.48 5.46-15.94 1.06 0.76-1.47 0 -
  Antenatal care** 3.15 2.91-3.42 11.03 6.27-18.68 0.74 0.46-1.28 0 -
  Chronic disease care 28.99 28.32-29.66 21.75 13.82-32.52 48.80 46.61-50.74 22.66 6.32-59.98
  Gynaecologic care* 9.08 8.67-9.51 16.38 9.42-26.96 2.42 1.87-3.12 0 -
  Preventive adult/elderly care**αα 16.79 16.21-17.39 28.29 18.56-40.57 26.19 24.55-27.91 71.72 37.22-91.56
  Other attention 17.84 17.18-18.52 13.07 0.82-20.20 18.84 17.05-20.77 6.22 0.88-35.38
  Don’t remember 0.72 0.57-0.92 0 - 0.88 0.57-1.35 0 -
  1. * p value < 0.05 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2006.
  2. ** p value < 0.001 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2006.
  3. α p value < 0.05 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2009.
  4. αα p value < 0.001 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2009.