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Table 3 Description of healthcare provision entitlement and use of healthcare services by the Chilean-born and international immigrants in Chile, the CASEN surveys 2006 and 2009

From: Understanding differences in access and use of healthcare between international immigrants to Chile and the Chilean-born: a repeated cross-sectional population-based study in Chile

  CASEN 2006 CASEN 2009
Chilean-born Population Immigrant population Chilean-born Population Immigrant population
Mean/% 95% CI Mean/% 95% CI Mean/% 95% CI Mean/% 95% CI
HEALTHCARE PROVISION ENTITLEMENT
None or don’t know**αα 15.37 14.90-15.86 28.10 23.86-32.77 3.43 3.26-3.73 14.66 9.76-21.42
Public 100% free**αα 29.39 28.90-29.89 15.27 12.65-18.33 32.66 32.12-33.20 20.68 16.86-25.10
Public with co-payment **α 47.46 46.89-48.03 39.09 34.73-43.63 48.90 48.28-49.52 40.84 33.75-48.33
Privateαα 2.70 2.50-2.91 1.97 0.85-4.48 13.19 12.59-13.80 21.95 16.40-28.74
Other not stated**αα 5.08 4.86-5.31 15.57 12.66-19.01 1.77 1.64-1.91 1.88 1.12-3.15
USE OF HEALTHCARE SERVICES
Pap smear 48.50 47.95-49.04 47.28 42.12-52.49 52.33 51.73-52.94 51.61 45.30-57.86
Number of healthcare attentions received in the last 3months X= 2.02 1.99-2.05 X=1.97 1.66-2.27 X=1.90 1.85-1.94 X=1.83 1.30-2.35
Type of services:         
  Well baby care**αα 23.43 22.79-24.07 9.48 5.46-15.94 20.63 19.95-21.33 3.28 1.74-6.10
  Antenatal control**αα 3.15 2.91-3.42 11.03 6.27-18.68 3.12 2.84-3.43 12.02 5.57-23.36
  Chronic disease care 28.99 28.32-29.66 21.75 13.82-32.52 31.72 30.91-32.54 20.54 12.05-32.78
  Gynaecologic care*αα 9.08 8.67-9.51 16.38 9.42-26.96 7.12 6.68-7.58 24.00 12.03-40.83
  Preventive adult/elderly care** 16.79 16.21-17.39 28.29 18.56-40.57 16.87 16.14-17.62 19.21 11.06-31.24
  Other care 17.84 17.18-18.52 13.07 0.82-20.20 16.61 15.73-7.52 18.78 10.31-31.74
  Don’t remember 0.72 0.57-0.92 - - 1.03 0.88-1.20 1.16 0.26-5.10
  1. * p value < 0.05 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2006.
  2. ** p value < 0.001 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2006.
  3. α p value < 0.05 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2009.
  4. αα p value < 0.001 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2009.