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Table 2 Description of demographic and socioeconomic variables among the Chilean-born and international immigrants in Chile, the CASEN surveys 2006 and 2009

From: Understanding differences in access and use of healthcare between international immigrants to Chile and the Chilean-born: a repeated cross-sectional population-based study in Chile

  CASEN 2006 CASEN 2009
Chilean-born population mean/prevalence (95% CI) Immigrant population mean/prevalence (95%CI) Chilean-born population mean/prevalence (95% CI) Immigrant population mean/prevalence (95% CI)
DEMOGRAPHICS
Sex: Male* 48.66 (48.40-48.94) 45.21 (41.74-48.72) 48.16 (47.86-48.46) 48.44 (44.26-52.64)
Mean age X=32.97 (32.81-33.12) X=33.41 (31.81-35.00) X=34.22 (34.03-34.41) X= 33.95 (31.62-36.28)
Mean age men αα X= 31.87 (31.69-32.06) X=33.95 (30.84-36.10) X=41.84 (41.43-42.25) X=32.53 (29.38-35.69)
Mean age women αα X=33.98 (33.79-34.18) X=32.97 (30.84-35.10) X=44.15 (43.74-44.56) X=35.28 (32.97-37.60)
Age categories:     
   <16**αα 25.27 (24.98-25.55) 13.60 (11.29-16.28) 23.90 (23.58-24.22) 14.60 (10.46-20.02)
   16-65**αα 66.41 (66.12-66.70) 79.08 (75.92-81.93) 65.42 (65.10-65.75) 76.43 (71.46-80.78)
   Over 65 8.32 (8.13-8.52) 7.32 (5.33-9.97) 10.68 (10.43-10.93) 8.96 (6.63-12.01)
Zone: Urban**αα 87.14 (87.01-87.27) 93.97 (92.58-95.11) 86.32 (85.95-86.68) 93.17 (89.92-95.43)
   Rural**αα 12.86 (12.59-13.14) 6.03 (4.89-7.42) 13.68 (13.32-14.05) 6.83 (4.47-10.08)
Marital status:     
   Single**αα 50.57 (50.31-50.84) 45.81 (42.06-49.62) 50.35 (50.05-50.65) 40.25 (34.99-45.74)
   Married**αα 40.76 (40.46-41.06) 45.49 (41.66-49.36) 40.65 (40.43-40.73) 53.99 (48.66-59.24)
   Divorcedαα 4.56 (4.42-4.71) 4.21 (3.06-5.77) 4.58 (4.43-4.57) 2.96 (2.06-4.24)
   Widow 4.07 (3.95-4.19) 4.49 (2.89-6.91) 4.42 (4.27-4.57) 2.80 (1.72-4.51)
Belonging to any ethnic minority group 6.55 (6.52-6.80) 5.57 (3.79-8.10) 6.86 (6.59-7.14) 7.10 (5.04-9.91)
SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS
Educational level:     
   No education**αα 7.39 (7.23-7.55) 2.38 (1.51-3.73) 7.62 (7.43-7.81) 3.12 (1.85-5.43)
   Primary School**αα 34.68 (34.33-35.03) 18.79 (16.05-21.88) 33.89 (33.51-34.82) 20.05 (14.52-27.03)
   High School 29.68 (29.34-30.03) 33.02 (29.39-36.87) 31.37 (30.96-31.78) 30.69 (25.64-36.25)
   University level**αα 9.86 (9.57-10.15) 27.32 (23.16-31.98) 15.28 (14.84-15.73) 35.79 (29.09-43.09)
Mean total household income per month: USD σ     
  Quintile 1 (poorest)αα 58.46 (57.77-59.15) 56.67 (50.72-62.62) 61.70 (60.98- 62.43) 49.64 (37.65- 61.62)
  Quintile 2 107.78 (107.35-108.21) 109.82 (106.31- 113.33) 114.60 (114.22- 114.99) 113.28 (109.95-116.62)
  Quintile 3 158.92 (158.39-159.45) 162.31 (157.51-167.11) 163.52 (163.05- 163.46) 159.23 (155.10- 163.36)
  Quintile 4 242.77 (241.72-243.82) 244.91 (237.80-252.03) 241.60 (240.71- 242.48) 237.75 (231.59- 244.00)
  Quintile 5 (wealthiest) 777.51 (755.85-799.16) 1,303.14 (1,068.16 -1,538.13) 737.85 (698.63- 776.91) 1,217.91 (795.12- 1,693.65)
  Currently active workerαα 57.16 (56.84-57.48) 60.96 (57.06-64.73) 44.87 (44.49-45.25) 58.08 (52.39-63.56)
Type of occupation:     
  Head/manager*αα 3.10 (2.89-3.32) 5.23 (3.27-8.26) 3.02 (2.75-3.31) 7.72 (3.95-14.57)
  Self employed 20.55 (20.05-21.03) 17.15 (14.02-21.64) 20.34 (19.83-20.87) 17.97 (12.91-24.45)
  Employee public system 9.76 (9.42-10.11) 6.35 (4.04-9.85) 11.07 (10.06-11.55) 8.28 (4.91-13.44)
  Employee private system** 60.94 (60.36-61.51) 54.27 (49.10-59.35) 60.78 (60.14-61.42) 54.13 (47.36-60.75)
  Employee domestic service**αα 5.65 (5.42-5.90) 16.65 (13.40-20.50) 4.79 (4.55-5.04) 11.90 (7.83-17.69)
  Has a contractαα 76.53 (75.96-77.09) 77.79 (73.01-81.93) 23.16 (22.85-23.48) 30.58 (25.51-36.18)
  1. σ1USD in 2006=531 Chilean pesos; 1USD in 2009=510 Chilean pesos[7].
  2. * p value < 0.05 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2006.
  3. ** p value < 0.001 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2006.
  4. α p value < 0.05 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2009.
  5. αα p value < 0.001 when comparing the same categories between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations in 2009.