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Table 1 Distribution of selected social structure, behavioral/attitudinal and psychosocial variables among women and man a

From: Gender differences in predictors of self-rated health in Armenia: a population-based study of an economy in transition

  Women (%) Men (%)
Self-rated health n=2297 n=452
 Excellent, very good, good 38.2 (38.3) 40.3 (43.7)
 Fair, poor 61.8 (61.7) 59.7 (56.3)
Physical health n=1839 n=401
 Severe health problems 33.4 (33.3) 29.2 (28.2)
 Moderate health problems 30.9 (30.9) 31.7 (30.1)
 No health problems 35.7 (35.8) 39.2 (41.7)
Depression** n=1689 n=336
 Yes 41.7 (41.1) 29.8 (24.1)
 No 58.3 (58.9) 70.2 (75.9)
Weak social support n=2027 n=411
 Yes 24.9 (24.1) 26.5 (24.6)
 No 75.1 (75.9) 73.5 (75.4)
Urban/rural residence n=2310 n=462
 Urban 48.5 (65.2) 48.1 (64.3)
 Rural 51.5 (34.8) 51.9 (35.7)
Ethnicity n=2277 n=458
 Armenian 98.6 (98.8) 98.9 (99.1)
 Other 1.4 (1.2) 1.1 (0.9)
Education* n=2287 n=441
 Incomplete school (<10 years) 8.9 (7.5) 12.2 (8.4)
 School or upper secondary (10–13 years) 74.1 (68.6) 66.0 (63.0)
 University or higher 17.0 (23.9) 21.8 (28.6)
Employment** n=2304 n=460
 Employed 15.1 (16.2) 54.6 (55.7)
 Unemployed 84.9 (83.8) 45.4 (44.3)
Poverty status n=2310 n=462
 Severe poverty 25.8 (21.8) 26.2 (20.0)
 Moderate poverty 25.6 (23.9) 24.2 (25.8)
 No poverty 48.7 (54.3) 49.6 (54.2)
Low affordability of healthcare n=2309 n=462
 Yes 13.1 (11.4) 13.4 (11.0)
 No 86.9 (88.6) 86.6 (89.0)
Current smoking** n=2207 n=428
 Yes 1.7 (3.6) 60.7 (64.1)
 No 98.3 (96.4) 39.3 (35.9)
Ever smoking** n=2214 n=433
 Yes 3.7 (6.9) 83.8 (90.4)
 No 96.3 (93.1) 16.2 (9.6)
Drinking alcohol** n=2204 n=420
 Once a week or more 4.4 (3.7) 40.2 (39.3)
 Less than once a week 95.6 (96.3) 59.8 (60.7)
Binge drinking** n=2220 n=430
 Ever experienced 2.8 (2.9) 27.2 (29.8)
 Never experienced 97.2 (97.1) 72.8 (70.2)
Attitude toward healthy lifestyle n=2085 n=414
 Positive 52.7 (56.7) 47.8 (47.8)
 Indifferent/negative 47.3 (43.3) 52.2 (52.2)
  1. a Valid percentages among female and male population samples and weighted estimates for Armenia in parentheses.
  2. ** Significant difference between female and male respondents at p<0.01 level. * Significant difference between female and male respondents at p<0.05 level. n – number of valid responses.