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Table 2 Adjusted associations between disability and determinants in men and women aged 50 and older

From: Social determinants of sex differences in disability among older adults: a multi-country decomposition analysis using the World Health Survey

   Men Women
   Odds ratio* 95% CI Odds ratio* 95% CI
Age (Reference category: 50–54 years) 55-59 years 1.07 0.88 1.30 1.10 0.92 1.31
60-64 years 1.22 0.99 1.51 1.70 1.42 2.02
65-69 years 1.98 1.60 2.45 1.81 1.52 2.16
70-74 years 1.95 1.53 2.50 2.61 2.14 3.18
75-79 years 2.77 2.12 3.62 2.86 2.31 3.54
80+ years 3.10 2.34 4.12 5.38 4.28 6.77
Marital status (Reference category: Married/cohabiting) Never married 0.92 0.64 1.32 1.00 0.80 1.26
Divorced/separated/widow 1.04 0.70 1.53 1.22 0.96 1.54
Education (Reference category: College completed or above) No education 2.10 1.55 2.86 2.07 1.53 2.78
Incomplete primary 2.24 1.64 3.06 2.00 1.51 2.64
Primary completed 1.43 1.07 1.90 1.38 1.07 1.79
  Secondary/High school completed 1.30 0.99 1.70 0.99 0.78 1.25
Employment (Reference category: Currently in paid employment) 2.20 1.89 2.57 1.44 1.26 1.66
Household economic status (Reference category: Highest quintile) Lowest quintile 2.56 2.01 3.26 1.56 1.26 1.92
Second quintile 1.85 1.46 2.34 1.28 1.05 1.57
Middle quintile 1.73 1.36 2.19 1.54 1.26 1.88
Forth quintile 1.60 1.29 1.98 1.05 0.86 1.29
Urban-rural residence (Reference category: Rural area) 0.95 0.81 1.11 1.08 0.93 1.25
   N = 28568 N = 35070
  Pseudo R-squared 0.149 Pseudo R-squared 0.143
  1. *Odds ratios also adjusted for country of residence.
  2. Pooled analysis of 57 countries, World Health Survey, 2002-2004.