Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 HI indexes and relative risks a (RR) for probability of health care utilisation last 12 months. Men and women, 20 years and older

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in health care utilisation in Norway: the population-based HUNT3 survey

   GP   Inpatient   Outpatient   Med. spec.  
   (n = 44755)   (n = 44755)   (n = 44755)   (n = 44755)  
   Coeff. s.e. Coeff. s.e. Coeff. s.e. Coeff. s.e.
CI (actual)   −0.02 0.00 −0.07 0.01 0.00 0.00 −0.01 0.01
CI (need-predicted) −0.02 0.00 −0.08 0.00 −0.04 0.00 −0.06 0.00
HI index   0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.05 0.01
  Mean RR s.e. RR s.e. RR s.e. RR s.e.
Primary edu 0.21 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Secondary edu 0.53 1.01* 0.01 0.96 0.03 1.17** 0.04 1.18** 0.04
Tertiary edu 0.26 0.98* 0.01 0.96 0.04 1.43** 0.05 1.36** 0.05
Income q1 0.25 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Income q2 0.25 1.02** 0.01 1.05 0.04 1.16** 0.03 1.03 0.03
Income q3 0.25 1.02** 0.01 1.01 0.04 1.19** 0.04 1.10** 0.04
Income q4 0.25 0.99 0.01 0.98 0.04 1.13** 0.04 1.09* 0.04
Female 0.54 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Male 0.46 0.89** 0.00 0.88** 0.02 0.94** 0.02 0.91** 0.02
Age 20-39 0.22 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Age 40-59 0.43 0.99 0.01 0.64** 0.02 1.13** 0.03 0.98 0.03
Age ≥ 60 0.34 1.06** 0.01 0.69** 0.03 1.03 0.04 1.02 0.04
Muni small 0.35 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Muni large 0.44 1.04** 0.01 0.95 0.03 1.01 0.03 1.14** 0.03
Muni w/hospital 0.22 1.02* 0.01 1.01 0.04 1.02 0.03 1.10** 0.03
Very good halth 0.16 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Good health 0.58 1.19** 0.01 1.33** 0.07 1.40** 0.06 1.30** 0.06
Poor health 0.24 1.28** 0.01 2.00** 0.11 1.88** 0.08 1.63** 0.08
Very poor health 0.01 1.28** 0.02 3.18** 0.25 2.32** 0.17 2.15** 0.17
No func impairment 0.59 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 / 1.00 /
Func impairment 0.41 1.08** 0.01 1.38** 0.05 1.39** 0.05 1.61** 0.05
Cancerb 0.05 1.06** 0.01 1.58** 0.07 1.67** 0.05 1.31** 0.05
Respiratory diseaseb,c 0.11 1.07** 0.01 1.16** 0.04 1.13** 0.04 1.12** 0.04
CVDb,c 0.09 1.09** 0.01 1.76** 0.06 1.16** 0.04 1.10** 0.04
Skin diseaseb,c 0.16 1.03** 0.01 0.99 0.03 1.09** 0.03 1.23** 0.03
Musculoskeletalb,c 0.21 1.03** 0.00 1.06 0.03 1.22** 0.03 1.23** 0.03
Diabetesb 0.04 1.10** 0.01 1.14* 0.06 1.26** 0.06 1.23** 0.06
Renal diseaseb 0.02 1.02 0.01 1.44** 0.08 1.22** 0.07 1.05 0.07
Epilepsyb 0.01 1.01 0.02 1.08 0.11 1.27** 0.11 1.26** 0.11
Strokeb 0.02 1.06** 0.01 1.55** 0.09 1.13** 0.06 1.02 0.06
  1. ** P < 0.01.
  2. * P < 0.05.
  3. Statistically significant concentration indexes and HI indexes in bold.
  4. a Risk ratios and HI indexes were adjusted for all variables in the table.
  5. b The reference for the disease-specific RRs is the absence of that or those diseases.
  6. c Respiratory disease: asthma, COPD, chronic bronchitis, emphysema. Cardiovascular disease: Angina pectoralis, myocardial infarction, heart failure, or other heart disease. Musculoskeletal: rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia. Skin: eczema or psoriasis.