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Table 3 Self-reported chronic diseases # and health service utilization by various characteristics (n = 778)

From: Self-reported chronic diseases and health status and health service utilization - Results from a community health survey in Singapore

Characteristics Categories n Row%
    Self-reported chronic disease Outpatient utilization rate Inpatient utilization rate SRH score 1-6
Age-group* <25 53 26.4 83.0 11.3 13.2
  25 - 44 132 34.8 78.0 8.3 29.5
  45 - 64 300 54.8 78.7 10.0 33.2
  ≥65 288 80.6 91.0 11.1 41.3
Gender Males 390 53.1 79.0 10.8 32.3
  Females 388 65.5 88.1 9.8 36.6
Ethnicity Chinese 496 62.7 83.5 9.5 38.1
  Malay 176 51.1 85.2 9.7 24.4
  Indian 76 60.5 85.5 18.4 34.2
  Others 30 46.7 70.0 6.7 33.3
Highest educational level attained No formal education 374 70.6 85.0 12.8 40.1
  Primary 231 55.0 80.1 6.5 32.9
  Secondary education and above 173 40.5 84.9 9.8 24.3
Work status Working full-time or part-time 335 43.6 76.7 8.4 23.6
  Unemployed 157 69.4 85.4 16.6 41.2
  Retiree 134 82.8 91.0 9.0 39.6
  Housewife 129 72.1 89.9 10.9 44.2
  Student or national serviceman 23 8.3 87.5 0.0 8.7
Personal Monthly Income <S$500 421 71.7 88.5 12.4 44.2
  S$500 - 999 278 47.5 76.9 8.6 24.1
  ≥S$1,000 79 34.2 79.7 5.1 19.0
Self-rated health status Score 1-6 268 77.9 91.8 13.8 -
  Score 7-10 510 49.4 79.2 8.4 -
Chronic diseases Presence of one or more chronic disease 461 - 98.0 13.2 45.3
  No chronic disease 317 - 62.4 6.0 18.6
  1. # refers to hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, heart disease, stroke, renal failure, asthma, COPD, cancer and other mental, musculoskeletal, skin, eye, gastrointestinal problems.
  2. * Age not available for five respondents, income not available for 3 respondents.
  3. SRH: Self-reported health; score of 1 indicates poor health and a score of 10 indicates best possible health. Scores 1–6 indicate fair to poor self-rated health status.
  4. Income in Singapore dollars.