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Table 2 Confounders by category of gender (in)equality; means or proportions, for both parents, or for fathers (F) and mothers (M), respectively; 95% CI around means p-value chi-square test for proportions

From: Could gender equality in parental leave harm off-springs' mental health? a registry study of the Swedish parental/child cohort of 1988/89

Gender (in)equality category: Confounder: Very Traditional Rather Traditional Equal Rather Untraditional Very Untraditional p-value chi-square test
Total parental leave Both: 412 Both: 395 Both: 392 Both: 369 Both: 267  
1989-90 (mean days) (411-413) (392-398) (387-397) (360-378) (258-276)  
Second child 1990 (%) F: 18.1 F: 17.8 F: 12.6 F: 13.7 F: 8.8 0.000
  M: 18.4 M: 18.1 M: 12.9 M: 13.4 M: 9.0 0.000
Year of birth F: 1959 F: 1959 F: 1958 F: 1958 F: 1956  
  M: 1962 M: 1961 M: 1961 M: 1961 M: 1961  
Married/living together 1990 (%) F: 86.7 F: 93.5 F: 93.2 F: 89.5 F: 89.1 0.000
  M: 86.2 M: 93.5 M: 93.2 M: 89.3 M: 90.1 0.000
Born outside Sweden (%) F: 13.0 F: 9.5 F: 12.7 F: 20.2 F: 27.9 0.000
  M: 11.5 M: 10.6 M:14.1 M: 25.6 M:43.9 0.000
Income from employment (mean SEK) F: 102 010
(102 006-102 014)
F: 106 742
(106 731-106 753)
F: 101 801
(101 779-101 823)
F: 94 238
(94 200-94 276)
F: 94 246
(94 226-94 266)
 
  M: 74 211
(74 208-74 214)
M: 78 381
(78 371-78 391)
M:68 514
(68 414-68 534)
M: 49 059
(49 024-49 094)
M: 29 789
(29 762-29 816)
 
Education, highest (%) F: 21.8 F: 34.1 F: 35.9 F: 29.0 F: 34.4 0.000
  M: 21.9 M: 39.2 M: 40.3 M: 34.4 M:32.2 0.000
Institutional care 1986-89:       
Psychosis (%) F: 0.1 F: 0.1 F: 0.1 F: 0.2 F: 0.4 0.071
  M: 0.2 M:0.3 M: 0.4 M: 0.6 M: 1.6 0.000
Depression (%) F: 0.2 F: 0.1 F: 0.2 F: 0.1 F: 0.1 0.735
  M: 0.3 M: 0.4 M: 0.5 M: 0.6 M: 1.6 0.000
Anxiety (%) F: 0.5 F: 0.3 F: 0.2 F: 0.5 F: 0.7 0.052
  M: 0.7 M: 0.8 M: 1.0 M: 1.3 M: 2.5 0.000
Alcohol abuse (%) F: 0.7 F: 0.3 F: 0.3 F: 0.6 F: 0.8 0.000
  M:0.2 M:0.2 M: 0.2 M: 0.2 M: 0.2 0.914
Separation 1991-2006 (%) Both: 47.9 Both: 41.6 Both: 45.6 Both: 49.6 Both: 50.5 0.000