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Table 2 Literature focus

From: Addressing indigenous health workforce inequities: A literature review exploring 'best' practice for recruitment into tertiary health programmes

Description of available literature No. of articles
Country  
   United States of America 37
   Australia 15
   New Zealand 13
   United Kingdom 3
   Canada 2
Population group  
   Underrepresented minorities* 37
   Indigenous® 24
   Māori˜ 12
   Pacific^ 11
Health profession focus  
   Medicine 40
   Nursing/Midwifery 31
   Dentistry 24
   Allied health professions§ 20
   Pharmacy 11
Research methods  
   Descriptive 55
   Student data analysis 34
   Surveys 24
   Interviews 14
   Focus Groups 11
   Workshops/seminars 10
Evidence of effectiveness  
   New evidence of effectiveness 42
   Process of recruitment 35
   Promising workforce outcomes 26
   Workforce achievement 10
Discussion of barriers 42
  1. * Ethnic, non-indigenous, non-dominant groups who make up a small proportion of the population representing a mixture of African-American, Hispanic and/or Asian/US Pacific.
  2. ® The original inhabitants of a country representing a mixture of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, Native American, Inuit, Metis or First Nation peoples.
  3. ~ Indigenous population of New Zealand
  4. ^ The heterogeneous composite of Pacific ethnic minority groups living in New Zealand (e.g. Samoan, Tongan, Cook Island Māori)
  5. § A mixture of Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Mental Health, Osteopathic Medicine, Health Sciences