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Table 3 Multilevel Poisson regression of deaths 1994-2003,a four random intercept models.

From: Does the socioeconomic context explain both mortality and income inequality? Prospective register-based study of Norwegian regions

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  IRR 95%CI IRR 95%CI IRR 95%CI IRR 95%CI
Individual-level predictors         
Women (reference men) 0.460 0.452;0.467 0.459 0.452;0.467 0.459 0.452;0.467 0.459 0.452;0.467
Married (ref) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Not married/never 1.692 1.658;1.726 1.692 1.658;1.727 1.691 1.658;1.726 1.692 1.658;1.727
Previously married 1.604 1.576;1.633 1.604 1.576;1.632 1.603 1.575;1.631 1.603 1.575;1.632
Immigrant 0.855 0.822;0.889 0.855 0.824;0.890 0.853 0.821;0.887 0.853 0.820;0.887
Disability pension 2.086 2.048;2.124 2.086 2.050;2.125 2.085 2.048;2.123 2.085 2.048;2.123
University, higher (ref) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
University, lower 1.182 1.135;1.231 1.182 1.136;1.231 1.182 1.135;1.231 1.182 1.135;1.231
Secondary, higher 1.241 1.197;1.286 1.242 1.198;1.286 1.242 1.198;1.286 1.241 1.198;1.286
Secondary, lower 1.297 1.253;1.344 1.298 1.254;1.345 1.299 1.254;1.345 1.299 1.254;1.345
Basic education 1.438 1.389;1.489 1.440 1.390;1.491 1.440 1.390;1.491 1.440 1.390;1.491
400,000 NOK+ (ref) 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
300-399,000 1.100 1.048;1.155 1.101 1.049;1.156 1.101 1.049;1.158 1.101 1.049;1.156
250-299,000 1.168 1.115;1.224 1.169 1.117;1.225 1.169 1.116;1.224 1.169 1.116;1.225
200-249,000 1.291 1.236;1.348 1.292 1.237;1.350 1.292 1.237;1.349 1.292 1.237;1.350
150-199,000 1.485 1.421;1.551 1.487 1.423;1.553 1.487 1.423;1.553 1.487 1.424;1.553
100-149,000 1.700 1.626;1.778 1.703 1.629;1.780 1.703 1.629;1.780 1.703 1.629;1.780
50-99,000 1.959 1.871;2.051 1.962 1.874;2.054 1.963 1.875;2.055 1.963 1.875;2.055
0-49,000 2.036 1.938;2.139 2.038 1.940;2.141 2.039 1.941;2.142 2.039 1.941;2.142
Region-level predictors         
Gini, unit 0.05    1.090 1.046;1.136    1.112 1.057;1.170
Mean incomec      1.002 0.978;1.027 0.985 0.964;1.007
Not large/medium city      1.00   1.00  
Oslo (capital)      1.103 0.998;1.219 1.079 0.994;1.171
Medium-size cities      0.955 0.898;1.018 0.950 0.903;0.999
Employment, education, disability, unit 5 percentage points         
- agriculture, forestry etc.      0.968 0.933;1.005 0.965 0.936;0.995
- manufacturing, mining      1.005 0.980:1.031 0.966 0.939;0.994
- banking, finance      1.110 1.027;1.200 1.089 1.021;1.161
- with higher education      0.979 0.938;1.022 0.965 0.931;1.000
- disability recipients      1.034 0.973;1.099 1.002 0.951;1.056
-2LL 149049.5   149035.9   149003.1   148989.1  
Change -2LL vs Model 1    - 13.6   - 46.4   - 60.4  
Intercept Standard Deviation 0.09718 0.07601; 0.12425 0.07935 0.06185; 0.10180 0.04540 0.03370; 0.06116 0.03514 0.02524; 0.0483
  1. Gini and mean region income based on pre-tax personal income. Age adjusted b
  2. a 1,621,202 individuals age 30-64, aggregated to 92,752 cells, nested in 35 regions. Offset ln person-years.
  3. b Age adjusted, seven 5-year categories, age effects not reported.
  4. c Unit 10,000 NOK (Norwegian Kroner).