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Table 4 Odds of Antenatal Care and Postnatal Care Use in Jhang District, Pakistan (n = 4,051)

From: Changes in the proportion of facility-based deliveries and related maternal health services among the poor in rural Jhang, Pakistan: results from a demand-side financing intervention

ANTENATAL CARE
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Wealth quintiles     
   Fifth/poorest 0.25*** 0.50*** 0.47*** 0.50***
   Fourth 0.35*** 0.63** 0.64** 0.55**
   Third 0.42*** 0.68** 0.68** 0.69**
   Second 0.62*** 0.88 0.89 0.89
   First/non-poor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Intervention Group and Time of Survey     
Group     
   Control 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Intervention 1.79*** 1.63** 1.59** 1.55**
Time/month of Survey     
   Pre-intervention (December 2009) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Post-intervention (December 2010) 1.52*** 1.54*** 1.50*** 1.46***
Interaction 1 (intervention*time*5th quintile)    1.27  
Interaction 2 (intervention*time*4th quintile)     1.64**
POSTNATAL CARE
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Wealth quintiles     
   Fifth/poorest 0.24*** 0.42*** 0.39*** 0.42***
   Fourth 0.38*** 0.63** 0.63** 0.50***
   Third 0.44*** 0.67* 0.67* 0.67*
   Second 0.55*** 0.75* 0.75* 0.75*
   First/non-poor 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Intervention Group and Time of Survey     
Group     
   Control 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Intervention 1.41* 1.31 1.29 1.22
Time/month of Survey     
   Pre-intervention (December 2009) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Post-intervention (December 2010) 1.17 1.19 1.17 1.10
Interaction 1 (intervention*time*5th quintile)    1.24  
Interaction 2 (intervention*time*4th quintile)     2.04**
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. Model controls for age, parity, mother's education, travel time to facility, and television viewership.