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Table 2 Changes in ANC, institutional delivery, PNC, and family planning use by household wealth

From: Changes in the proportion of facility-based deliveries and related maternal health services among the poor in rural Jhang, Pakistan: results from a demand-side financing intervention

  Intervention Control
  Baseline
%
(n = 1,008)
(1)
Follow-up
%
(n = 1,014)
(2)
p-value for chi-square test
(3)
Baseline
%
(n = 1,010)
(4)
Follow-up
%
(n = 1,019)
(5)
p-value for chi-square test
(6)
ANC (3+ visits)       
Wealth quintiles       
   Fifth/poorest 23.4 38.6 < 0.01 20.6 19.2 NS
   Fourth 30.9 49.5 < 0.001 20.6 27.0 NS
   Third 37.3 49.8 < 0.05 27.9 30.2 NS
   Second 46.5 58.1 < 0.05 32.7 44.5 < 0.05
   First/non-poor 59.0 63.3 NS 46.4 58.6 < 0.05
Institutional Delivery       
Wealth quintiles       
   Fifth/poorest 30.8 46.8 < 0.01 25.3 26.9 NS
   Fourth 36.6 57.7 < 0.001 30.7 37.8 NS
   Third 45.8 53.5 NS 29.5 44.8 < 0.01
   Second 48.0 59.1 < 0.05 40.2 43.5 NS
   First/non-poor 63.7 62.8 NS 55.1 56.5 NS
PNC       
Wealth quintiles       
   Fifth/poorest 7.0 13.2 < 0.05 9.0 8.2 NS
   Fourth 12.4 23.2 < 0.01 11.1 9.7 NS
   Third 15.9 21.7 NS 12.6 14.1 NS
   Second 17.5 24.7 NS 18.1 17.0 NS
   First/non-poor 34.4 32.2 NS 28.6 25.3 NS
Family Planning       
Wealth quintiles       
   Fifth/poorest 7.0 10.0 NS 6.9 9.0 NS
   Fourth 7.7 11.9 NS 11.1 10.2 NS
   Third 11.9 11.3 NS 8.2 12.5 NS
   Second 11.5 21.1 < 0.01 11.6 11.5 NS
   First/non-poor 18.4 20.1 NS 18.9 16.1 NS
  1. NS = not significant.