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Table 2 Checklist for measuring the minimum key requirements of health equity policy processes:

From: Challenges and opportunities for policy decisions to address health equity in developing health systems: case study of the policy processes in the Indian state of Orissa

Agenda setting Policy development Implementation and Evaluation
  Approach on strategies Examples of equity centric strategies Examples of equity centric strategies  
› Specific policy or policy approach on health equity › Clearly defined participatory, decentralized and bottom-up planning, implementation and evaluation strategies › Efforts to mobilize and pool people's social, financial and physical resources for social needs (e.g. philanthropies, corporate social responsibility, community resources, social capital etc.) › Sensitization of all stakeholders on health equity to ensure appropriate policy decisions and accountability › In-built equity surveillance or indicator based implementation and monitoring of programs
› Acceptance of health as a right › Strategies for comprehensive inclusion of all vulnerable groups and their needs and differential plans › Essential service package and quality assurance for vulnerable groups › Sensitization on health equity in all pre-service and in-service trainings › Periodical impact evaluation of programs on equity (e.g. Social and Beneficiary Assessment, Benefit-Incidence Analysis etc.)
› Optimal prioritization of diseases, public health interventions and other social determinants › Defined strategies in mobilizing, pooling and allocation of resources and services based on needs by tapping the potential resources, and using evidences › Incentives, subsidies or financial risk-protection measures to enhance physical, financial and social access to care › Capacity development of lower level health facilities to address equity with defined role, resources and monitoring › Encouragement of exploratory research on health determinants, health outcomes and health policy processes
› Encouragement of participatory approaches › Defined strategies for inter-sectoral convergence and provision of public health goods › Public health regulations to ensure quality, affordable and acceptable care (clinical guidelines, price and quality controls, citizens charters) and grievance redressal mechanisms   
› Emphasis on physical, financial and social access to care › Attempts on integrated planning of strategies, their implementation and evaluation by health and allied departments    
› Focus on evidences for differential planning     
› Integrated approach of health and other social and public policies