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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for census variables and gender inequality indicators

From: Measurement of gender inequality in neighbourhoods of Québec, Canada

  Female % Male % Gender inequality score
  Mean (SD) Median Mean (SD) Median Mean (SD) Median Interquartile range P-value*
Demographic and household
Characteristics
       
   Divorce 11.2 (4.6) 11.0 10.1 (4.0) 10.0 0.53 (0.11) 0.52 0.47-0.59 1.00
   Single-headed households 13.7 (9.8) 12.1 3.4 (1.9) 0.0 0.77 (0.26) 0.81 0.60-1.00 < 0.01
Education         
   University certification 14.7 (12.1) 11.1 16.5 (14.9) 12.0 0.49 (0.21) 0.49 0.39-0.57 < 0.01
   No high school diploma 31.1 (15.8) 30.3 30.8 (16.8) 30.0 0.51 (0.13) 0.50 0.45-0.57 < 0.01
Income         
Average employment income
(thousand CAD)
22.0 (8.7) 21.6 32.9 (16.3) 31.1 0.42 (0.07) 0.41 0.37-0.45 < 0.01
Work and leisure         
   Labour force participation 57.0 (14.3) 57.3 69.8 (12.7) 70.6 0.45 (0.06) 0.45 0.42-0.48 < 0.01
   Employment rate 53.3 (14.2) 53.6 64.3 (13.6) 65.3 0.45 (0.06) 0.45 0.42-0.48 < 0.01
   Managerial positions 6.5 (7.1) 6.0 11.4 (9.5) 9.8 0.37 (0.28) 0.39 0.00-0.50 < 0.01
   Unpaid elderly care 8.1 (6.3) 7.1 4.5 (4.0) 4.0 0.65 (0.28) 0.61 0.50-1.00 < 0.01
   Unpaid child care 34.5 (13.9) 34.0 25.7 (12.4) 25.0 0.58 (0.11) 0.57 0.52-0.63 0.24
   Unpaid housework 79.8 (11.1) 81.2 59.1 (13.2) 60.0 0.58 (0.05) 0.57 0.54-0.61 < 0.01
Political participation         
   Decision-making positions 2.3 (3.9) 0.0 1.7 (3.8) 0.0 0.52 (0.28) 0.50 0.49-0.51 < 0.01
  1. *P-values were Bonferroni-corrected, and values < 0.01 indicate that the distributions of measured gender inequality scores were heterogeneous, over and above the variability produced by random differences across DAs.