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Table 9 Mean monthly total household expenditure on treatment paid to different providers

From: Constraints to universal coverage: inequities in health service use and expenditures for different health conditions and providers

  Home Private hospital Public hospital PHC centres PMD Pharmacy Herba-list Lab. Others
Mean expenditures on treatment by urban-rural residence
Urban 18.7 (467.1) 1,320.8 (6,357.4) 720.8 (3,595.1) 24.5 (2,98.1) 231.9 (934.5) 283.1 (1,031.8) 2.0 (48.3) 60.4 (442.9) 207.9 (5,424.1)
Rural 1.5 (44.6) 624.3 (3,776.2) 427.1 (4,970.4) 46.1 (450.4) 300.2 (1,949.0) 78.1 (1,193.9) 3.2 (112.6) 23.6 (441.8) 260.8 (3,233.9)
X2 (p-value) 1.4 (.23) 68.1 (.0001) 98.4 (.0001) 3.0 (.082) 12.7 (.0001) 435.4 (.0001) 0.43 (.51) 48.4 (.0001) 5.3 (.022)
Mean expenditures on treatment by SES
Quintile 1 2.3 (64.5) 380.5 (1,766.5) 161.9 (1,194.4) 53.8 (582.7) 340.6 (2,668.9) 99.0 (1,142.3) 5.6 (172.1) 44.0 (661.5) 263.2 (3,641.2)
Quintile 2 4.4 (120.8) 721.7 (4,411.1) 417.8 (3,338.5) 54.5 (468.1) 285.0 (1,020.8) 120.7 (1,376.8) 2.4 (42.7) 19.7 (297.9) 281.0 (2,718.9)
Quintile 3 1.0 (25.0) 903.2 (3,797.3) 608.3 (3,731.4) 19.4 (186.9) 269.2 (1,359.7) 180.9 (700.1) 1.1 (24.6) 45.9 (375.7) 481.4 (8,821.6)
Quintile 4 32.1 (698.9) 1,172.1 (4,748.1) 926.2 (6,521.5) 28.0 (270.7) 264.7 (1,076.7) 243.0 (956.1) 1.5 (45.0) 31.1 (259.7) 82.9 (1,196.6)
Quintile 5 11.5 (232.4) 1,726.4 (8,854.9) 774.2 (4,929.5) 19.4 (233.4) 166.4 (576.7) 271.5 (1,277.9) 2.4 (53.9) 71.6 (494.3) 59.3 (893.3)
X2 (p-value) 1.2 (.88) 75.8 (.0001) 105.3 (.0001) 3.6 (.47) 52.9 (.0001) 177.0 (.0001) 3.8 (.44) 35.2 (.0001) 19.0 (.0001)
CI 0.36 0.26 0.24 -0.22 -0.11 0.20 -0.25 0.13 -0.21
Total 10.3 (335.1) 979.8 (5,265.7) 577.2 (4,324.6) 35.1 (380.4) 265.3 (1,518.2) 182.8 (118.6) 2.6 (86.0) 42.4 (442.7) 233.8 (4,488.6)