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Table 1 Trends and differentials of infant mortality rate, Indonesia, 1987-2007

From: Priorities and realities: addressing the rich-poor gaps in health status and service access in Indonesia

  Survey
  1987 1991 1994 1997 2002/3 2007
Total 75.2 74.2 66.4 52.2 43.0 39.0
Mother education       
   No education 98.8 89.0 90.5 77.5 67.1 72.9
   Primary 71.3* 81.1 70.4 58.8 50.8 46.3
   Secondary/higher 33.9 34.6 39.5 28.0 29.0 28.8
Region       
   Java-Bali 70.3 78.8 66.5 46.8 39.8 33.5
   Non Java-Bali I 83.7 69.2 66.8 58.3 46.6 46.2
   Non Java-Bali II 75.5 65.9 65.3 60.7 49.0 44.6
Residence       
   Urban 50.9 57.2 43.1 35.7 31.9 30.6
   Rural 84.1 81.0 75.2 58.0 52.4 44.8
Wealth quintile**       
   Lowest - - - 78.1 60.6 55.8
   Second - - - 57.3 50.3 47.3
   Middle - - - 51.4 44.0 32.5
   Fourth - - - 39.4 36.4 28.8
   Highest - - - 23.3 17.1 26.0
  1. Source: Reports of the Indonesia Demographic and Health Surveys (IDHS) 1987 to 2007 Infant mortality rates were directly estimated from dates of birth, death, and survey of births born during the last 10 years preceding the survey
  2. *Averages of IMR between two mother education categories: some primary (82.5) and primary completed (60.1)
  3. **Based on household assets.