Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariate adjusted1 odds ratios of subjective health and depressive symptoms by social relations and socioeconomic status (SES, measured separately by income and education)

From: Does socioeconomic status affect the association of social relationships and health? A moderator analysis

Overall sample Subjective health (1 = moderate/poor) Depressive symptoms (1 = Gender specific upper quartile)
Income > = 1,000€ < 1,000€ RERI 2 > = 1,000€ < 1,000€ RERI
Social
Integration
      
High (Level III-IV) 1.00a 1.44 (1.16-1.77) 0.48
(-0.01-0.98)
1.00 1.44 (1.12-1.86) 0.69 c
(0.32-1.06)
Low (Level I-II) 1.41 (1.23-1.62)b 2.34 (1.94-2.82)   1.72 (1.45-2.03) 2.85 (2.32-3.49)  
Instrumental
Support
      
Not needed/appropriate 1.00 1.58 (1.36-1.83) 0.37
(-0.50-1.23)
1.00 1.63 (1.37-1.94) 0.54 (-0.88-1.95)
Inappropriate/not available 1.55 (1.25-1.93) 2.49 (1.81-3.43)   3.06 (2.43-3.84) 4.22 (3.11-5.73)  
Emotional
Support
      
Not needed/appropriate 1.00 1.49 (1.28-1.74) 1.04
(-0.03-2.11)
1.00 1.69 (1.41-2.03) 0.39
(-1.15-1.92)
Inappropriate/not available 1.81 (1.49-2.20) 3.35 (2.46-4.54)   3.95 (3.23-4.84) 5.03 (3.81-6.64)  
Years of Education > 10 years =< 10 years RERI > 10 years =< 10 years RERI
Social
Integration
      
High (Level III-IV) 1.00 1.74 (1.26-2.40) 0.11
(-0.66-0.87)
1.00 1.64 (1.13-2.37) 0.84
(-0.10-1.78)
Low (Level I-II) 1.40 (1.24-1.59) 2.25 (1.76-2.88)   1.74 (1.50-2.03) 3.22 (2.50-4.15)  
Instrumental
Support
      
Not needed/appropriate 1.00 1.71 (1.38-2.12) 0.25
(-1.01-1.50)
1.00 1.82 (1.44-2.30) 1.80
(-0.64-4.25)
Inappropriate/not available 1.63 (1.35-1.98) 2.59 (1.64-4.08)   3.12 (2.56-3.81) 5.75 (3.79-8.74)  
Emotional
Support
      
Not needed/appropriate 1.00 1.74 (1.40-2.17) -0.17
(-1.32-0.98)
1.00 1.93 (1.51-2.46) 0.62
(-1.48-2.73)
Inappropriate/not available 2.03 (1.71-2.42) 2.60 (1.74-3.89)   3.91 (3.27-4.67) 5.46 (3.77-7.92)  
  1. 1 adjusted for age and gender
  2. 2 RERI: Relative excess due to interaction; RERI = OR(AB)-OR(AB')-OR(A'B)+1
  3. a Reference category
  4. b 95% confidence interval
  5. c Bold RERI scores are significant on a p < 0.05 level