Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Strategies to increase gender equity in HIV/AIDS service delivery programs

From: Occupational segregation, gender essentialism and male primacy as major barriers to equity in HIV/AIDS caregiving: Findings from Lesotho

Comprehensive Men's participation Women's empowerment Incremental
Establish a new social consensus that directly addresses the ideology of difference inherent in gender essentialism, and the acceptance of the gender hierarchies inherent in male primacy
Target gender power relations and the way in which culture and stereotypes influence unequal sharing of responsibilities
On-going public dialogue about and in the sources of gender differences
Public policy that stresses gender equality and the sharing of domestic and caregiving responsibility
Zero tolerance for the use of stereotypical images of men and women
Promote early, deliberate, and sustained public education and social support regarding the value of caregiving and gender equality
Train men and boys to provide care and support
Use male role models and recognize men's positive contributions in HIV/AIDS caregiving
Focus on engaging men and boys in existing AIDS plans and policies, especially national AIDS plans
Improve health systems' capacity to reach men with HIV prevention and treatment services so as to reduce the burden of care
Take work with men to scale by integrating a focus on men and gender equality into national programmes and policies that can reach large numbers of men and boys.
Mobilize women's groups and other activists
Empower women to effect personal, political and social change
Develop critical consciousness to take action against the oppressive elements in one's life, claiming rights,
Challenge essentialist notions that unequal gender division of rights and duties is either natural (biological), or God- given or too difficult to change
Target gender discrimination patriarchal control of decision-making positions, and patriarchal belief systems
Increase access to and control of productive resources
Offer comprehensive social protections for women
Involve men in non-personal care tasks or in currently male-identified tasks such as heavy lifting
Men and women make small changes in how they as individuals participate in social systems to affect cultural systems in the longer term
Recruit men as HIV caregivers