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Table 1 Distribution of factors analysed in Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) study in Burkina Faso (DHS 2003)

From: Factors associated with female genital mutilation in Burkina Faso and its policy implications

  Respondent has had FGM N (%) 1 or more daughters has had FGM
N (%)
  No Yes p-value No Yes p-value
Age of respondent (years)       
   15-24 1401(29.3) 3378(70.7) <0.001 1126(92.5) 91(7.5) <0.001
   25-34 745(21.3) 2760(78.7)   2158(79.2) 565(20.7)  
   35-49 636(16.9) 3129(83.1)   1836(54.1) 1560(45.9)  
Religion       
   Catholic 980(33.0) 1986(67.0) <0.001 1308(78.1) 277(32.6) <0.001
   Protestant 251(38.2) 406(61.8)   306(84.5) 56(15.5)  
   Muslim 1106(16.4) 5656(83.6)   2677(64.8) 1455(35.2)  
   Traditionalist/Animist 444(26.4) 1238(73.6)   828(71.0) 338(29.0)  
Place of residence       
   urban 755(25.3) 2227(74.7) 0.001 1024(72.4) 390(27.6) 0.017
   rural 2027(22.4) 7040(77.6)   4096(69.2) 1826(30.8)  
RHCD*       
   Respondent alone 267(21.4) 981(78.6) 0.09 573(67.4) 277(32.6) 0.10
   Respondent and husband 151(16.7) 755(83.3)   477(68.9) 215(31.1)  
   Husband/partner 1451(20.4) 5653(79.6)   3705(69.9) 1594(30.1)  
   Other e.g community leader 913(32.7) 1877(67.3)   365(73.7) 130(26.3)  
Asset Index       
   1st quintile 507(25.3) 1500(74.7) 0.002 881(67.2) 430(32.8) 0.004
   2nd quintile 510(23.4) 1668(76.6)   1017(70.6) 423(29.4)  
   3rd quintile 607(21.5) 2217(78.5)   1305(70.7) 541(29.3)  
   4th quintile 420(21.0) 1583(79.0)   875(67.0) 430(32.9)  
   5th quintile 738(24.3) 2299(75.7)   1042(72.7) 392(27.3)  
Mother Education       
   None 2000(21.0) 7510(79.0) <0.001 4354(68.1) 2042(31.9) <0.001
   Some education 782(30.8) 1757(69.2)   766(81.5) 174(18.5)  
Province       
   Ouagadougou 184(27.0) 497(73.0) <0.001 213(77.2) 63(22.8) <0.001
   Boucle de mouhoun 89(9.7) 827(90.3)   241(40.0) 362(60.0)  
   Centre(sans Ouaga) 55(16.1) 287(83.9)   166(75.1) 55(24.9)  
   Centre-sud 233(31.4) 510(68.6)   397(85.4) 68(14.6)  
   Plateau central 162(15.5) 886(84.5)   469(71.6) 186(28.4)  
   Centre-Est 102(12.3) 726(87.7)   324(63.6) 185(36.3)  
   Centre-Nord 105(11.2) 836(88.8)   377(65.0) 203(35.0)  
   Centre-Ouest 721(58.0) 522(42.0)   669(86.8) 102(13.2)  
   Est 228(30.9) 510(69.1)   386(81.6) 87(18.4)  
   Nord 150(18.6) 656(81.4)   343(70.0) 147(30.0)  
   Cascades 172(19.4) 716(80.6)   352(66.7) 176(33.3)  
   Hauts bassins 147(12.9) 989(87.1)   392(62.7) 233(37.3)  
   Sahel 148(20.6) 569(79.4)   298(61.4) 187(38.6)  
   Sud-Ouest 286(28.0) 736(72.0)   493(75.3) 162(24.7)  
Ethnicity       
   Bobo 65(18.0) 296(82.0) <0.001 117(58.8) 82(41.2) <0.001
   Dioula 95(12.2) 684(87.8)   233(51.7) 218(48.3)  
   Fulfulde/Peul 115(17.4) 544(82.6)   246(58.2) 177(41.8)  
   Gourmantche 218(32.4) 454(67.6)   360(82.4) 77(17.6)  
   Gourounsi 284(52.5) 257(47.5)   282(89.5) 33(10.5)  
   Lobi 313(30.0) 729(70.0)   502(75.1) 166(24.8)  
   Mossi 1347(21.1) 5021(78.8)   2717(70.9) 1114(29.1)  
   Senoufo 103(15.1) 580(84.9)   258(62.5) 155(37.5)  
   Touareg/Bella 75(58.6) 53(41.4)   72(80.0) 18(20.0)  
   Bissa 70(15.0) 397(85.0)   189(65.6) 99(34.4)  
   Other 94(28.8) 232(71.2)   133(64.6) 73(35.4)  
   Total 2782(23.1) 9267(76.9)   5120(69.8) 2216(30.2)  
  MFGM (Mean and Std. dev.) Daughter FGM (Mean and Std. dev.)
  No Yes p-value No Yes p-value
Current age in year 26.5(10.0) 29.6(9.7) <0.001 31.5(8.1) 38.0(7.2) <0.001
Daughter age at FGM(years)      3.4(3.1)  
  1. * RHCD Responsibility for health care decisions
  2. Chi-square test was used for categorical data and Mann-Whitney test for continuous data.