Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Description of Participants' Demographic and Health Characteristics by Food Security Status

From: Association of Household and Community Characteristics with Adult and Child Food Insecurity among Mexican-Origin Households in Colonias along the Texas-Mexico Border

  All (n= 610) Food Secure (n= 135) Household Insecure (n= 74) Adult Insecure (n= 102) Child Insecure (n= 299)
Demographic characteristics      
   Age1 39.9 ± 14.4 38.6 ± 13.8 36.9 ± 13.0 43.9 ± 18.4 39.8 ± 13.1
  (37) (36) (35.5) (40) (38)
   Race/ethnicity      
Mexican 61.8 48.1 55.4 64.7 68.6***
Mexican American 27.5 37.0 20.3 26.5 25.4*
   Marital status      
Married 60.0 58.5 63.5 51.0 62.9
   Country of birth      
Mexico 67.7 51.1 60.8 73.5 74.9***
   Education2      
<7th grade 31.8 20.6 22.2 35.0 38.2***
7th-11th grade 32.8 29.8 38.9 40.2 30.2
High school graduate 35.4 49.6 38.9 24.7 31.6***
   Household composition1      
Adults 1.9 ± 0.7 1.9 ± 0.6 1.9 ± 0.6 1.7 ± 0.6 2.0 ± 0.7*
  (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)
Children3 2.5 ± 1.4 2.2 ± 1.3 2.4 ± 1.3 2.7 ± 2.2 2.6 ± 1.3**
  (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)
Total 3.9 ± 1.8 3.7 ± 1.7 4.1 ± 1.6 3.1 ± 2.3 4.3 ± 1.7***
  (4) (4) (4) (2) (4)
   Single parent household3 14.7 15.6 13.6 18.0 13.9
   Poverty status4      
Income data not 25.4 24.4 28.4 19.6 27.1
reported      
≤ 75% FPL 63.9 50.4 62.2 66.7 69.6***
76%-100% FPL 8.4 19.3 6.8 10.8 3.0***
>100% FPL 2.3 5.9 2.7 2.9 0.3***
   Employment status      
Female      
Unemployed 51.5 48.9 71.6 58.8 45.1
Part-time 22.0 18.5 12.2 18.6 27.1
Full-time 26.6 32.6 16.2 22.5 27.8**
Male      
Unemployed 60.0 49.6 39.2 71.6 65.9***
Part-time 14.3 8.1 27.0 18.6 12.4
Full-time 25.7 42.2 33.8 9.8 21.7***
   Food assistance program      
SNAP 55.1 45.2 74.3 52.9 55.5
Days SNAP benefits 20.1 ± 8.0 22.8 ± 8.1 21.0 ± 7.6 19.8 ± 8.9 18.8 ± 7.6***
last5 (21) (21) (21) (21) (21)
WIC3 42.8 35.8 57.6 50.0 40.5
School breakfast3 53.9 68.8 69.7 42.0 45.9***
School lunch3 54.1 68.8 69.7 42.0 46.3***
Health characteristics      
   Diabetes 24.6 26.7 18.9 25.5 24.7
   Body mass index (kg/m2)6      
Normal (<25) 30.3 40.2 26.0 32.3 26.4**
Overweight (25-29.9) 35.0 31.5 37.0 33.3 36.6
Obese (≥ 30) 34.7 28.3 37.0 34.3 36.9
  1. 1 Data presented as mean ± SD (median)
  2. 2 Education data provided by 588 participants
  3. 3 Data based on 484 households with children residing in the household
  4. 4 Household income data provided by 455 participants
  5. 5 Mean ± SD (median) based on those who received SNAP benefits
  6. 6 Height and weight data provided by 594 participants
  7. Statistical significance in trend across categories of increasing food insecurity: *p≤0.05 **p≤0.01 ***p≤0.001
  8. Statistically significant after Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons p ≤ 0.002