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Table 2 Mean physical and mental health summary scores of individuals utilizing health care (Users) stratified by socioeconomic characteristics in the whole sample and in the sample from the urban and rural regions.

From: Do place of residence and ethnicity affect health services utilization? evidence from greece

   PCS (CI) MCS(CI)     
Non users   52.4 (48.1 - 58.4) 46.8 (42.4 - 53.3)     
Users   47.3 (43.0 - 53.2) 41.3 (37.0 - 47.8)     
Sig.*   p < .001 p < .05     
   USERS WHOLE SAMPLE USERS URBAN USERS RURAL
   PCS (CI) MCS(CI) PCS (CI) MCS(CI) PCS (CI) MCS(CI)
Sex        
  Male 47.5 (46.5-48.5) 42.7 (41.6-43.8) 47.6 (46.8-50.2) 42.6 (43.3-47.2) 47.4 (44.6-49.5) 42.8 (42.6-48.4)
  Female 47.0 (46.1-48.0) 40.1 (39.0-41.2) 46.7 (45.9-49.3) 40.0 (40.7-44.6) 47.6 (44.9-49.8) 40.2 (39.9-45.8)
  Sig.* N.S. p < .05 N.S. p < .05 N.S. N.S.
Age        
  18-34 53.1 (52.00-54.01) 43.3 (41.05-45.02) 53.0 (51.8-54.3) 44.4 (42.1-46.8) 53.1 (51.2-55.1) 41.3 (37.7-44.9)
  35-44 49.9 (48.9-51.0) 41.9 (40.6-43.1) 50.1 (48.8-51.4) 41.5 (39.9-43.0) 49.5 (47.6-51.4) 42.6 (40.1-45.1)
  45-54 47.1 (45.8-48.4) 41.4 (39.9-43.0) 47.2 (45.5-48.9) 41.9 (39.9-44.0) 47.0 (44.7-49.2) 40.5 (38.0-42.9)
  55-64 42.3 (40.6-43.9) 39.3 (37.2-41.3) 42.0 (40.0-44.0) 38.5 (36.1-40.9) 43.0 (39.0-47.0) 41.4 (36.1-46.7)
  65-75+ 38.3 (36.9-39.8) 39.1 (36.9-41.3) 38.1 (36.1-40.1) 38.4 (35.4-41.4) 38.8 (36.0-41.5) 40.4 (36.2-44.7)
  Sig.* p < .001 p < .05 p < .001 p < .05 p < .001 N.S.
Residence        
  Rural 47.5 (46.3-48.7) 41.4 (40.0 -42.8)     
  Urban 47.2 (46.3-48.0) 41.3 (40.4-42.3)     
  Sig.* N.S. N.S.     
Income        
  Low 43.9 (42.6-45.2) 39.1 (37.6-40.5) 43.1 (41.4-44.9) 38.3 (36.4-40.1) 45.2 (42.8-47.6) 40.5 (37.8-43.3)
  Medium 47.9 (47.0-48.7) 41.74 (40.6-42.8) 48.3 (47.2-49.3) 42.2 (40.9-43.6) 47.0 (45.3-48.7) 40.5 (38.6-42.5)
  High 50.96 (49.5-52.3) 43.9 (42.1-45.7) 50.1 (48.2-52.0) 43.4 (41.2-45.5) 52.6 (50.5-54.7) 44.9 (41.3-48.5)
  Sig.* p < .001 p < .001 p < .001 p < .001 p < .001 N.S.
Education        
  Primary 41.1 (39.9-42.3) 39.2 (37.8-40.6) 40.8 (39.2-42.3) 39.0 (37.0-41.0) 41.7 (39.5-43.9) 39.6 (37.0-42.1)
  Superior 49.5 (48.7-50.3) 41.7 (40.7-42.6) 49.4 (48.4-50.3) 41.9 (40.8-43.1) 49.7 (48.3-51.2) 41.0 (39.1-42.9)
  University 51.4 (49.9-52.9) 44.9 (42.4-47.6) 51.1 (49.1-53.1) 43.9 (40.4-47.3) 51.9 (49.4-54.4) 46.4 (42.1-50.8)
  Sig.* p < .001 p < .001 p < .001 p < .05 p < .001 p < .05
Occupation        
  manual 46.7 (45.7-47.6) 40.8 (39.6-41.9) 45.9 (42.0-45.4) 40.5 (37.1-41.0) 47.7 (45.7-50.9) 41.1 (37.1-43.4)
  non manual 48.00 (47.0-48.9) 42.0 (41.0-43.1) 48.2 (44.2-47.7) 42.0 (38.6-42.5) 47.1 (45.1-50.3) 42.0 (38.0-44.3)
  Sig.* N.S. N.S. p < .05 N.S. N.S. N.S.
Ethnicity        
  Greeks 47.0 (46.2-47.9) 41.3 (40.3-42.3) 46.7 (43.4-47.0) 41.3 (39.1-43.3) 47.6 (45.0-51.4) 41.3 (37.2-44.9)
  Albanians 47.9 (46.8-49.0) 41.4 (40.2-42.6) 48.1 (44.9-48.5) 41.4 (39.2-43.4) 47.0 (44.4-50.8) 41.6 (37.5-45.2)
  Sig.* N.S. N.S. N.S. N.S. N.S. N.S.